Forming inverted questions with subject pronouns in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

To form questions by inverting in Passé composé when the subject is a subject pronoun, you follow this order:

(question word) + auxiliary avoir/être + hyphen + je/tu/il/elle/on/nous/vous/ils/elles + past participle

Il est allé au cinéma  -> Est-il allé au cinéma? 
He went to the cinema  ->  Did he go to the cinema? 

Here are more examples:

Est-il allé au cinéma?Did he go to the cinema?

Ai-je mangé des pâtes?Did I eat pasta?

Avons-nous dormi toute la nuit?Did we sleep all night?

Pourquoi êtes-vous partis si tôt ?Why did you leave so early?

Quand as-tu appris la nouvelle ?When did you hear the news?

sont-ils allés ?Where did they go?


ATTENTION:

For pronouns il/elle/on + avoir, you need to add a -t- between avoir (= a) and the pronoun, to ease the pronunciation:
Quand a-t-il revu Angélique ?When did he see Angélique again?

A-t-elle joué avec son frère?Did she play with her brother?

A-t-on oublié quelque chose ?Did we forget something?

 

See also Forming inverted questions in Le Présent (except il, elle, on forms)
Forming inverted questions in Le Présent with il, elle, on

but also Forming inverted questions with nouns in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)
and Forming inverted questions with reflexive verbs in Le Passé Composé

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Examples and resources

Pourquoi êtes-vous partis si tôt ?Why did you leave so early?
Quand a-t-il revu Angélique ?When did he see Angélique again?
A-t-elle joué avec son frère?Did she play with her brother?
A-t-on oublié quelque chose ?Did we forget something?
Est-il allé au cinéma?Did he go to the cinema?
sont-ils allés ?Where did they go?
Ai-je mangé des pâtes?Did I eat pasta?
Quand as-tu appris la nouvelle ?When did you hear the news?
Avons-nous dormi toute la nuit?Did we sleep all night?
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