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Forming inverted questions with subject pronouns in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

To form questions by inverting in Passé composé when the subject is a subject pronoun, you follow this order:

(question word) + auxiliary avoir/être + hyphen + je/tu/il/elle/on/nous/vous/ils/elles + past participle

Il est allé au cinéma  -> Est-il allé au cinéma? 
He went to the cinema  ->  Did he go to the cinema? 

Here are more examples:

Est-il allé au cinéma?
Did he go to the cinema?

Ai-je mangé des pâtes?
Did I eat pasta?

Avons-nous dormi toute la nuit?
Did we sleep all night?

Pourquoi êtes-vous partis si tôt ?
Why did you leave so early?

Quand as-tu appris la nouvelle ?
When did you hear the news?

sont-ils allés ?
Where did they go?


ATTENTION:

For pronouns il/elle/on + avoir, you need to add a -t- between avoir (= a) and the pronoun, to ease the pronunciation:

Quand a-t-il revu Angélique ?
When did he see Angélique again?

A-t-elle joué avec son frère?
Did she play with her brother?

A-t-on oublié quelque chose ?
Did we forget something?

 

See also Forming inverted questions in Le Présent (except il, elle, on forms)
Forming inverted questions in Le Présent with il, elle, on

but also Forming inverted questions with nouns in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)
and Forming inverted questions with reflexive verbs in Le Passé Composé

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Quand as-tu appris la nouvelle ?
When did you hear the news?


Avons-nous dormi toute la nuit?
Did we sleep all night?


Pourquoi êtes-vous partis si tôt ?
Why did you leave so early?


Quand a-t-il revu Angélique ?
When did he see Angélique again?


A-t-elle joué avec son frère?
Did she play with her brother?


A-t-on oublié quelque chose ?
Did we forget something?


Est-il allé au cinéma?
Did he go to the cinema?


sont-ils allés ?
Where did they go?


Ai-je mangé des pâtes?
Did I eat pasta?


Q&A

Graham

Kwiziq community member

15 March 2018

1 reply

"Sont-elles parties avant la fin du film?" I was marked partially correct for this answer. Why?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

15 March 2018

15/03/18

Hi Graham,


the sentence you quote looks perfectly correct to me. I would need the full text of the question to understand better what the question was aiming at specifically.


-- Chris (not a native teacher).

Jennifer

Kwiziq community member

13 December 2016

2 replies

Is this a correct reflexive verb question please,

Vous êtes-vous rasé ce matin?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

13 December 2016

13/12/16

Bonjour Jennifer !

Yes, this is a perfect sentence ;)
And it would be "Vous êtes-vous raséE ce matin ?" if you talked to a woman!

Bonne journée !

Jennifer

Kwiziq community member

13 December 2016

13/12/16

Bonjous Aurélie,

Thank you for your replu

Kazuko

Kwiziq community member

27 September 2016

2 replies

J'ai une question: A-t-elle joué avec son frère?

Shouldn't "joué" be "jouée," as the subject is elle?

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

27 September 2016

27/09/16

Bonjour Kazuko,

No, there's only agreement with the subject when the helping verb is être - see https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/my-languages/french/view/431

Kazuko

Kwiziq community member

27 September 2016

27/09/16

Oh, j'ai apprendu quelque chose de nouveau! Merci!
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