Conjugate regular -er, -ir, -dre verbs (+ avoir) in Le Futur Antérieur (future perfect)

Look at these regular verbs conjugated in the Futur antérieur:
 

J'aurai aimé la vie.
I will have loved life.

 

Tu auras gagné après tout.
You will have won after all.

 

Il aura fini son projet à temps.
He will have finished his project on time.

 

Nous aurons rempli ces documents avant la fermeture.
We'll have filled in these documents before closing time.

 

Vous aurez entendu tellement de versions différentes!
You will have heard so many different versions!

 

Ils auront perdu finalement.
They will have lost in the end.

 

The Futur antérieur is formed on the same model as the Passé Composé, except avoir is here conjugated in the Futur.

 
For -ER verbs, you form the past participle by replacing the -er ending with -é.
For -IR verbs, you form the past participle by replacing the -ir ending with -i.
For -DRE verbs, you form the past participle by replacing the -dre ending with -du.
 
Note: the exceptions of verbs with être instead of avoir are the same as in the Passé Composé.
 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources


Nous aurons rempli ces documents avant la fermeture.
We'll have filled in these documents before closing time.


aimer


J'aurai aimé la vie.
I will have loved life.


atteindre


Nous aurons atteint notre but.
We will have achieved our goal.


attendre


Auras-tu attendu pour rien?
Will you have waited for nothing?


Il aura attendu pendant des heures.
He will have waited for hours.


choisir


Tu n'auras jamais choisi entre nous.
You will have never chosen between us.


compléter


Vous aurez bientôt complété votre collection.
You will soon have completed your collection.


entendre


Vous aurez entendu tellement de versions différentes!
You will have heard so many different versions!


finir


Il aura fini son projet à temps.
He will have finished his project on time.


gagner


Tu auras gagné après tout.
You will have won after all.


grossir


Vous aurez bien grossi pendant vos vacances!
You will have gained quite a bit of weight during your holidays!


perdre


Ils auront perdu finalement.
They will have lost in the end.


progresser


Nous aurons beaucoup progressé cet été-là.
We will have made a lot of progress that summer.


ralentir


Elles auront ralenti trop tard.
They will have slowed down too late.


regretter


Elle aura regretté ça toute sa vie.
She will have regretted that all her life.


répondre


J'aurai répondu trop tard.
I will have answered too late.


vieillir


J'aurai vieilli après tout.
I will have grown old after all.


voler


Ils auront volé jusqu'au bout.
They will have flown until the end.


Q&A

Donald

Kwiziq community member

5 November 2018

0 replies

Malgré tout vs.néanmoins

Puis-je utiliser  le mot "néanmoins" au lieu de "malgré tout" dans cette phrase?  La phrase est <Nous aurons apprécié ce repas malgré tout>.  Est-ce qu'il y a quelque chose en particular avec malgré tout que j'aie peut-être raté?  Je pense que vous voulez dire "despite everything".

Steven

Kwiziq community member

13 April 2018

2 replies

Le futur anterieur

I've always been confused by this: "j'aurai du" translates as "I should have" and not as "I will have had to...." but these are not quite the same, I think. "I will have had to catch the 22 bus" suggests that I did catch that particular bus, to achieve whatever, whereas "I should have" suggests that I didn't catch that bus, and perhaps failed in my intention. Similarly for "j'aurai pu" - "I could have" not "I will have been able".

Any advice/explanation appreciated!

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

13 April 2018

13/04/18

Hi Steven ,

I think you are confusing the futur antérieur (future perfect) and the conditionnel antérieur (past conditional).

J'aurais = I should have
j'aurais pu = I could have

Note: aurais has an 's' here.

The futur antérieur relates to an action which is prior to another in the futur simple:

Dans deux ans ils auront fini les travaux, ( In 2 years time they will have finished the works)

Quand nous aurons fini les travaux dans la maison, nous irons en vacances. (When the work in the house is finished, we'll go on holiday)

Dés que nous aurons arrêté de fumer, nous repeindrons la maison.Once we have stopped smoking we'll repaint the house)

Note that after words like when, as soon asonce denoting time we use the future in French as opposed to the present in English.

Hope this helps!

 

 

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

13 April 2018

13/04/18

Just to add a bit extra to Cécile's great answer, the first person forms of these two tenses sound identical, so you can only tell which is meant from the context. The conditional past introduces modal verbs (would/should) and so does devoir and that can get very complicated and confusing quickly.

Let's make it easier with a simpler verb (say 'manger') first:

Quand j'aurai mangé je t'appellerais. (Future perfect: When I will have eaten I'll call you. Or in more idiomatic English, Once I have eaten I'll call you.)

Si j'avais eu faim j'aurais mangé. (Conditional past: If I'd been hungry I would have eaten.)

In most cases, there's another tense and clause involved that gives clear context and often the literal translation isn't even in the same tense as the same idiomatic expression in English.

DEVOIR:

It's incredibly hard to contrive an example with devoir for the future anterieur (in either language) - it's unlikely you'll come across it at all.

J'aurai dû faire ça avant ton retour. (Future perfect: I will have had to do that by the time you get home.)

J'aurais t'appeler mais j'ai oublié. (Conditional past: I should have called you but I forgot.)

Hope that helps to clear away some of the confusion!

P.S. You can look up how to conjugate avoir to see (and listen to) all six forms of the Conditionnel passé and Futur antérieur

Richard

Kwiziq community member

15 May 2017

1 reply

when does the past participle agree in number and gender with the object ?

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

16 May 2017

16/05/17

Hi Richard - see section 5 of this page about agreement: https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/revision/glossary/inflection/agreement

Hope that helps!

Johnny

Kwiziq community member

12 September 2016

2 replies

atteint

You included an example of atteint but made no mention of the fact that it ends in t.

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

12 September 2016

12/09/16

Bonjour Johnny, Thanks for pointing this out, we'll get it fixed right away.

alison

Kwiziq community member

12 October 2017

12/10/17

atteint has still not been removed Laura!

Umi

Kwiziq community member

27 July 2016

1 reply

What is the purpose of using this particular temps? In a daily conversation, is this used a lot?

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

3 August 2016

3/08/16

Bonjour Umi, Not "a lot" but yes, it is an essential tense. It's used about as often in French as in English: to talk about something that will have happened in the future in correlation to another event.

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