The verbs 'manquer' or 'rater' can both be used for 'to miss a concert or a train' , 'rater' being less formal than 'manquer'.
You would use 'rater' only for to fail an exam e.g.
J 'ai raté mon permis de conduire/ mon bac = I failed my driving test/my baccalaurate
or even -
J'ai raté ma vie = I made a real hash of my life
There is another informal way to say to miss in French which you might have heard - 'louper' :
J'ai loupé le premier épisode de cette série = I missed the first episode of this series.
Hope this helps!
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