Look at these cases:
French has three words for the: le, la and l'.
Unlike English, all nouns (words for things) in French are masculine or feminine.
- Use le with masculine nouns
- Use la with feminine nouns
- Use l' with words of either gender that begin with a vowel or the letter h.
Grammar jargon: le, la and l' are definite articles (the is the definite article in English).
In some cases, French and Englisgh use these definite articles in a different way, look at these lessons for such cases:Using le, la, l', les before nouns when generalising (definite articles)
Using le, la, les with titles, languages and academic subjects (definite articles)
Using le, la, l', les with continents, countries & regions names (definite articles)
Using le, la, les with weights and measures (definite articles)
Using le, la, les with body parts and clothing (definite articles)