The verb passer in French has a variety of meanings, as diverse as to happen, to do without or simply to pass (by)...
The different meanings of passer in French
ATTENTION: it never means to pass (succeed) an exam.
See Differences between French and English usages - Passer un exam vs To pass an exam
Here are its main usages:
Passer [quelque chose/quelqu'un]
to pass [something/someone] on
First of all, the easy one: passer + thing/person simply means to pass something/someone (on).
Passer par / devant ... (to pass by / in front of...)
Again here, easy: passer (par, devant...) + a location simply means to pass (by, in front of...) somewhere.
Passer + time (to have + time / to spend + time)
In English, you will use to have to talk about a good time, such as Have a good day! or I had a good evening. In these cases, you will use passer in French:
You will also use passer + duration to express to spend (time):
Se passer (to happen / take place / to go [event])
To ask How did this event go?, you will use event + (reflexive) se passer:
You can also use thing + se passer to express [this] happens / takes place:
Se passer de (to do without)
And finally, to say that you can do / go without [something/someone], you will use the reflexive form se passer de + thing/person:
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