Just like in English we have 'I' and 'me' (but note, only 'you'), French uses these so-called singular Stress Pronouns.
Note : elle is the same in both.
Simple uses of Stress pronouns
- extra emphasis
Moi, je m'appelle Tim.Me, my name is Tim.
Je veux une glace au chocolat mais elle, elle veut une glace à la vanille.I want a chocolate ice cream but she wants a vanilla ice cream.
Et toi, comment tu vas ?And you, how are you?
Note that in English, you would usually use intonation to mark emphasis.
- single word responses
Qui veut un cadeau ? Moi! Moi!Who wants a present? - Me! - Me!
Lui ? Vraiment ?Him? Really?
Qui est ta copine ? - Elle.Who is your girlfriend? - She is.
- very simple sentences
Non, pas elle! No, not her!
See also the plural stress pronouns: Nous, vous, eux, elles = us, you, them (stress pronouns)
and the more advanced lesson Moi, toi, lui, elle, soi, nous, vous, eux, elles (advanced stress pronouns)
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