Just as in English we have 'they' and 'them' (but note, only 'you'), French uses these so-called plural Stress Pronouns.
Note that most are the same as the Subject pronouns, with the exception of eux.
Simple uses of Stress pronouns
- extra emphasis
Vous aimez le vin alors qu'elles , elles détestent ça !You like wine whereas they hate that!
Tu vas chez Lisa pendant que nous, nous nettoyons la maison.You go to Lisa's place while we clean the house.
Je vais à la poste, et eux, ils vont au supermarché.I'm going to the post office, and THEY are going to the supermarket.
Note that in English, you would use intonation to mark emphasis.
- single word responses
Qui veut du gâteau ? - Nous !Who wants cake? - Us!
Et ces filles? - Elles? Oh non!What about those girls? - Them? Oh no!
Qui est-ce? Eux!Who is it? Them!
- very simple sentences
C'est nous, c'est vousIt's us, it's you
Eux is used whenever the group is masculine or mixed.
Only use elles when all members of the group are female.
See also the singular stress pronouns: Moi, toi, lui, elle = me, you, him, her in French (stress pronouns)
and the more advanced lesson Moi, toi, lui, elle, soi, nous, vous, eux, elles in French (advanced stress pronouns)
NOTE: With eux and elles, technically you should say Ce sont... for it is but you will hear people use c'est. Use ce sont in writing, but you can use c'est in speech.
See C'est, ce sont = this is, these are (French Demonstrative Pronouns)
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