Manquer (à) = To miss someone/something emotionally

The verb manquer is often very troublesome for English speakers of French because its structure is reversed when it applies to emotions compared to events.

Look at these sentences with the verb manquer in an emotional sense:

Mon ancienne école me manque .
I miss my old school.

Jean lui manque.
She/he misses Jean

Il manque à ma soeur.
My sister misses him.

Je manque à Thomas.
Thomas misses me.

When using manquer in the emotional sense, you must reverse the structure so it is the person or thing that is lacking to you:

Tu manques à Lise.
Lise misses you.

-> It's not Lise misses you. anymore, but literally You are lacking to Lise.

Elle me manque.
I miss her.

-> It's not I miss her, but literally She is lacking to me.

Je lui manque.
He misses me.

-> It's not He misses me, but literally I am lacking to him.

Now the 'missed' person or thing become the one doing the action of 'lacking'.

Introducing the person who is missing someone, who is "lacking" someone

You either use manquer à + [name]:

Nous manquons à Patricia.
Patricia misses us.

Léo manque à ma sœur.
My sister misses Léo.

or indirect pronouns me/te/lui/nous/vous/leur before manquer :

Hélène leur manque.
They miss Hélène.

Mon chien me manque.
I miss my dog.

 

It is different when talking about missing an event or a train, or lacking something in a pragmatic way.
See Manquer (de) + thing = To miss / lack something


As for using indirect pronouns, see Me, te, nous, vous = Me, you, us, you (direct and indirect object pronouns) and Replacing people with lui, leur = him, her, them (indirect object pronouns)

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Mon chien me manque.
I miss my dog.


Elle me manque.
I miss her.


Tu manques à Lise.
Lise misses you.


Hélène leur manque.
They miss Hélène.


Mon ancienne école me manque .
I miss my old school.


Léo manque à ma sœur.
My sister misses Léo.


Jean lui manque.
She/he misses Jean


Nous manquons à Patricia.
Patricia misses us.


Ma mère me manque.
I miss my mum


Je manque à Thomas.
Thomas misses me.


Je lui manque.
He misses me.


Il manque à ma soeur.
My sister misses him.


Q&A Forum 11 questions, 26 answers

LizC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Why Jacques lui manque vs. Jacques elle manque? I have so much trouble with these pronouns. Thanks!

Asked 4 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Jacques manque à Paul --> Jacques lui manque. -- He misses Jacques.

Jacques manque à Marie --> Jacques lui manque. -- She misses Jacques.

As you can see, the personal pronoun used for the female and male cases is the same, namely lui. Looking only at the French, you can't tell whether it's a she or a he, who is missing Jacques.

"Elle" would not be correct in this context, because elle is not the personal pronoun for an indirect object.

Elle manque à Sean. --> Elle lui manque. -- He misses her.

In this example, "elle" is the subject and not the personal pronoun for the indirect object.

TanmayA0Kwiziq community member

Study well

LizC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thanks so much!

CécileKwiziq team member

Just to add to Chris' excellent answer :

the only time you will use 'elle' apart from meaning 'she' as a subject pronoun is after a preposition , think of chez 

chez elle at her house

Take a look at the following Kwiziq lesson for these stress pronouns ( also known as emphatic/disjunctive pronouns -

https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/revision/grammar/common-uses-of-moi-toi-lui-elle-nous-vous-eux-elles-disjunctivestress-pronouns

Hope I don't confuse matters....

LizC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thanks for the additional information about when to use elle. 

Why Jacques lui manque vs. Jacques elle manque? I have so much trouble with these pronouns. Thanks!

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

BowmanC1Kwiziq community member

Why wasn’t my answer correct

Asked 5 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

What was the question and what was your answer?

Why wasn’t my answer correct

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

KellyC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Hello, this verb structure seems similar to plaire. Is there any reason plaire is not mentioned in this page? Just wondering. Merci beaucoup!

Asked 9 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Yes, the constructions are in some cases parallel:

Ses nouvelles chaussures manquent à Lisa. -- Lisa misses her new shoes.

Ses nouvelles chaussures plaisent à Lisa. -- Lisa likes her new shoes. Her new shoes appeal to Lisa.

Note that the construction with plaire is identical to English if you use "appeal" as the verb.

 

KellyC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thank you Chris!

Hello, this verb structure seems similar to plaire. Is there any reason plaire is not mentioned in this page? Just wondering. Merci beaucoup!

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

MichaelC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Tu manques à Lise. Lise misses you. -> It's not Lise misses you. anymore, but literally You are lacking to Lise........

This part of the lesson is really messing with my learning process. Please answer me this....In the example, "Tu manques à Lise", IS it or IS IT NOT "Lise misses you."  ???

Asked 10 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Yes, Lise is the one who is missing over whoever.

The confusion comes about because in English ("Lisa misses you") Lisa is the subject whereas in French ("Tu manques à Lisa") it is "tu".

MichaelC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thank you.

Merry Christmas 

Tu manques à Lise. Lise misses you. -> It's not Lise misses you. anymore, but literally You are lacking to Lise........

This part of the lesson is really messing with my learning process. Please answer me this....In the example, "Tu manques à Lise", IS it or IS IT NOT "Lise misses you."  ???

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

ClaudiaB2Kwiziq community member

Please explain the difference in this example

ranslate "She misses Jacques": ________.Jacques lui manqueJacques manque à elle
Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Hi Claudia,

Jacques lui manque is the correct way, with lui replacing the person who misses Jacque. If the person is mentioned directly, the construction changes: Jacques manque à Anne -- Anne misses Jacques. She misses Jacques -- Jacques lui manque. 

 

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

On another note and to confuse matters slightly:

Je pense à toi -- I'm thinking of you. Correct.
Je te pense. -- INCORRECT

Anna-LiisaA0Kwiziq community member

Alain me manque   

How can that be wrong?  It doesn't make any sense -

Je manque à Alain
My books says different.  Can you explain please?
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Alain me manque. -- I miss Alain.
Je manque à Alain. -- Alain misses me.

Please explain the difference in this example

ranslate "She misses Jacques": ________.Jacques lui manqueJacques manque à elle

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

DonaldC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Manquer à

J'ai toujours eu du mal avec ce verbe.  Je me demande si je pouvais y aller un pas plus loin et dit <Jean me manque et Jean manque à moi>? J'aimerais savoir si les deux sont correcte?  En ce qui concerne les deux phrases, je veux dire <I miss John> en anglais.  Peut-être j'ai tort.  Merci d'avance,
Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer
"Jean me manque" is correct.

Manquer à

J'ai toujours eu du mal avec ce verbe.  Je me demande si je pouvais y aller un pas plus loin et dit <Jean me manque et Jean manque à moi>? J'aimerais savoir si les deux sont correcte?  En ce qui concerne les deux phrases, je veux dire <I miss John> en anglais.  Peut-être j'ai tort.  Merci d'avance,

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

KatrinaA1Kwiziq community member

I really need to practise some of these over and over. How can I get more questions?

Asked 1 year ago
AurélieKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Bonjour Katrina !

You can add lessons you specifically want to practise against to your notebook.

Here's a link that shows you how :)
https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/faq/notebooks

Bonne journée !

I really need to practise some of these over and over. How can I get more questions?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

IanC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Comment on dit "The cat misses me" Je manque au chat?

Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Hi Ian,

yes, that sounds correct.

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

IanC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thanks Chris. It just sounded strange. Remerci.

Comment on dit "The cat misses me" Je manque au chat?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

PaulC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Je manque à Alain - Alain misses me

I think that is translation is particularly tricky because of the switch from me in English to I in French. Can you please include it in the examples for this lesson?
Asked 1 year ago
GruffKwiziq team member
I agree it's especially tricky. We'll add some more examples of that form. Thanks!
ColinC1Kwiziq community member

Can someone also explain why "Alain me manque" is incorrect?

Je manque à Alain - Alain misses me

I think that is translation is particularly tricky because of the switch from me in English to I in French. Can you please include it in the examples for this lesson?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

JamesA2Kwiziq community member

futur proche

Asked 2 years ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer
Hi James, neither of the two sentences seem right to me.

If you want to say "You are going to miss me" -- "Je vais te manquer."
If you want to say "I am going to miss you" -- "Tu vas me manquer."

-- Chris (not a native speaker).
JamesA2Kwiziq community member
oops, sorry, typed in the wrong box ...
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Bonjour James, Est-ce qu'il y a une question en ce qui concerne cette leçon? Bonne journée.
JamesA2Kwiziq community member
Oui, peut-être. Avec le futur proche, est-ce qu’on dit <>, ou est-ce qu’on dit <> ou, peut-être, autre chose?
JamesA2Kwiziq community member
should have said this - Oui, peut-être. Avec le futur proche, est-ce qu’on dit “je vais tu manquer” ou est-ce qu’on dit “je vais tu me manques” ou, peut-être, autre chose? information inside << >> was thrown out ...

futur proche

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

MelodyB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Could you give a reminder/link re: lui vs. elle?

I had the question Translate "She misses Jacques". I chose "Jacques elle manque" (wrong) instead of "Jacques lui manque". The lesson states "...or to use pronouns (i.e. I, you, he, we, they... miss), you will use me/te/lui/nous/vous/leur before manquer.". Would it be possible to add a link to the relevant lesson about pronouns at the bottom of the lesson? It would be helpful to reference this, to understand which pronoun to use in this instance. Thanks.
Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Melody ! I've updated the lesson to include links to lessons and glossary articles on indirect object pronouns ! Merci et à bientôt !

Could you give a reminder/link re: lui vs. elle?

I had the question Translate "She misses Jacques". I chose "Jacques elle manque" (wrong) instead of "Jacques lui manque". The lesson states "...or to use pronouns (i.e. I, you, he, we, they... miss), you will use me/te/lui/nous/vous/leur before manquer.". Would it be possible to add a link to the relevant lesson about pronouns at the bottom of the lesson? It would be helpful to reference this, to understand which pronoun to use in this instance. Thanks.

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Thinking...