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De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs)

Look at these examples:

Ce travail est de plus en plus intéressant.
This work is more and more interesting.

Les ordinateurs deviennent de moins en moins chers.
Computers are becoming less and less expensive.

Mon portable se recharge de plus en plus lentement avec le temps.
My mobile charges more and more slowly over time.

Nous y allons de moins en moins souvent.
We go there less and less often.

Jacques mange de plus en plus avec le temps.
Jacques eats more and more as time goes by.

Ma grand-mère sort de moins en moins.
My grandmother goes out less and less.

Note that to use more and more and less and less in French, it goes as follows:

English French

more and more [adjective]

[adjective]-er and [adjective]-er

de plus en plus [adjectif] 

less and less [adjective]

de moins en moins [adjectif]

more and more [adverb]

less and less [adverb]

de plus en plus [adverbe]

de moins en moins [adverbe]

[verb] more and more

[verb] less and less

[verbe] de plus en plus

[verbe] de moins en moins 

 

Note: de plus en plus (on its own) cannot be placed at the beginning of the sentence, unlike in English.

 

See also Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons)Plus... plus..., moins... moins... = the more...the more..., the less...the less... (comparisons with phrases) and De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns)

 

Here are other Comparative structures:

Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que
Making comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que
Making comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins que
Making comparisons with nouns: plus de... que, moins de... que, autant de... que

And Superlative structures:

Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives)
Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs)
Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases
Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives)

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Jacques mange de plus en plus avec le temps.
Jacques eats more and more as time goes by.


Nous y allons de moins en moins souvent.
We go there less and less often.


Mon portable se recharge de plus en plus lentement avec le temps.
My mobile charges more and more slowly over time.


Ce travail est de plus en plus intéressant.
This work is more and more interesting.


Ma grand-mère sort de moins en moins.
My grandmother goes out less and less.


Les ordinateurs deviennent de moins en moins chers.
Computers are becoming less and less expensive.


Q&A

Paul

Kwiziq community member

1 May 2018

2 replies

[adjective]-er and [adjective]-er

Can you please explain what "[adjective]-er and [adjective]-er" means in the context of this lesson? Thanks.

Chris

Kwiziq community member

2 May 2018

2/05/18

It means, e.g., lauder and louder or faster and faster.


-- Chris.

Paul

Kwiziq community member

2 May 2018

2/05/18

Ok, got it. Thanks Chris. 

Torbjørn

Kwiziq community member

14 November 2016

2 replies

How do you know when to pronounce the s?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

18 November 2016

18/11/16

Bonjour Torbjørn !

In the case of "de plus en plus", here's the pronunciation rules:
- the first "s" is pronounced [z] as a liaison is made with "en"
- as for the second "s", it depends:
-> if it's followed by an adjective/adverb ("de plus en plus gentil" / "de plus en plus vite"), then the second "s" is MUTE.
-> if the expression is used on its own ("Il fume de plus en plus."), then the second "s" is pronounced [s].

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Margo

Kwiziq community member

24 December 2016

24/12/16

But in the examples the second s is pronounced before the adverb lentement. Also, in another example, the s is pronounced before the preposition, avec----is there a rule for the second s followed by prepositions? How strict are these rules? I just feel like winging it. Thanks for your advice. I love KWIZiq!

Cati

Kwiziq community member

3 November 2016

1 reply

Would it be correct to use the expression de plus en plus intéressant for increasingly interesting?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

4 November 2016

4/11/16

Bonjour Cati !

Yes, it would absolutely correct :)
Clever stuff underway!