Conjugate semi-regular -oyer, -ayer, -uyer verbs in Le Futur (future tense)

To conjugate verbs ending in -ayer/-oyer/-uyer in Futur Simple, the only exception to the rule of regular -ER verbs is that the y of the infinitive becomes an i in Futur Simple.

ATTENTION:
This rule doesn't apply to envoyer and derivatives (See Conjugate voir and envoyer in Le Futur (future tense))

ESSAYER (to try)

j'essaierai
tu essaieras
il/elle/on essaiera  
nous essaierons
vous essaierez
ils/elles essaieront

ATTENTION:
Verbs in -AYER, in spoken French (included written dialogue in a play for example) also accept an alternative version where the y is kept (and also pronounced differently):

Quand paieras-tu cette facture ?
When will you pay that bill?

Quand payeras-tu cette facture ?
When will you pay that bill?

Ils balaieront le sol avant que nous ne venions.
They will sweep the floor before we come.

Ils balayeront le sol avant que nous ne venions.
They will sweep the floor before we come.

You don't pronounce the e after the i.

Here are more examples:

Je nettoierai l'appart pendant que tu seras partie.
I will clean the flat while you're gone.

Il essuiera ses pieds sur le paillasson avant d'entrer.
He will wipe his feet on the mat before coming in.

Nous nous ennuierons à cette soirée.
We will get bored at this party.

Vous paierez votre tournée ?
Will you buy your round?

 

Common -AYER / -OYER / -UYER verbs

essayer (to try)
payer (to pay) 
employer (to use/employ)
se noyer (to drown)
nettoyer (to clean)
essuyer (to wipe)
s'ennuyer (to be/get bored)

See also Conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in Le Futur (future tense)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Quand payeras-tu cette facture ?
When will you pay that bill?


Quand paieras-tu cette facture ?
When will you pay that bill?


Ils balaieront le sol avant que nous ne venions.
They will sweep the floor before we come.


Je nettoierai l'appart pendant que tu seras partie.
I will clean the flat while you're gone.


Vous paierez votre tournée ?
Will you buy your round?


Nous nous ennuierons à cette soirée.
We will get bored at this party.


Ils balayeront le sol avant que nous ne venions.
They will sweep the floor before we come.


Il essuiera ses pieds sur le paillasson avant d'entrer.
He will wipe his feet on the mat before coming in.


Q&A Forum 4 questions, 7 answers

Ayer pronunciation

 Hi Aurélie,  I don't know about other people but it would be helpful to have the same voice to illustrate the difference in pronunciation between "aierxxx" and "ayerxxx » The difference is so subtle especially when spoken quickly that it os difficult to hear it clearly.  Merci!
Asked 10 months ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star

Bonjour Marnie !

Merci pour cette excellente suggestion, les exemples ont à présent été changés :)

Bonne journée !

Merci Aurélie.

La difference est beaucoup plus claire maintenant!

Ayer pronunciation

 Hi Aurélie,  I don't know about other people but it would be helpful to have the same voice to illustrate the difference in pronunciation between "aierxxx" and "ayerxxx » The difference is so subtle especially when spoken quickly that it os difficult to hear it clearly.  Merci!

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

In the example in which they sweep the floor before we come, why is it nous ne venions instead of nous venions? Why is ne there?

Asked 1 year ago

Hi John,

this use of "ne" is called ne-explétif. It doesn't carry any negative meaning. It is there for emphasis. For it to be negative you would need its accompanying "pas" (or any other of its brethren).

There are several lessons offered on kwiziq on this topic. You can search on the library.

Greetings, -- Chris (not a native speaker).

In the example in which they sweep the floor before we come, why is it nous ne venions instead of nous venions? Why is ne there?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Ils balayeront le sol avant que nous ne venions.

Why should the "ne" be included - is it another negative form?
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star

Bonjour Steven !

This "ne" is not a negation here, but what we call in French the "ne explétif".

We also have this lesson How to understand the ne explétif.

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Ils balayeront le sol avant que nous ne venions.

Why should the "ne" be included - is it another negative form?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Which version, i or y, is thought to be more elegant, more educated?

Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Einar ! The "i" version is considered more elegant. Actually, little "French" fact : though you're only supposed to use "y" with "-ayer", French children tend to apply it to all "-yer" verbs, saying things like "je nettoye" :) It's obviously bad French, and systematically corrected by their parents, but it also sounds soooo cute ;) Bonne journée !
C'est une réponse merveilleuse, chère Aurélie, merci beaucoup. Je peux entendre la différence de la prononciation, croyez-le ou non. Donc, la question a été importante pour moi. Amitiés Einar
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Ravie de pouvoir être utile, Einar ! Bonne soirée !

Which version, i or y, is thought to be more elegant, more educated?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Thinking...