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Conjugate être, avoir, savoir in L'Impératif (imperative)

The verbs 'être', 'avoir' and 'savoir' are irregular in L'Impératif:

  être avoir savoir
tu sois aie sache
nous soyons ayons sachons
vous soyez ayez sachez

 

On their own, they're not terribly useful, but they are essential to express some commands.

Ne sois pas méchant!
Don't be mean!

Soyez gentilles! 
Be good!

N'aie pas peur! 
Don't be afraid!

Sache que je pense toujours à toi.
Know that I'm still thinking of you

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources


Sache que je pense toujours à toi.
Know that I'm still thinking of you



N'aie pas peur! 
Don't be afraid!


Soyez gentilles! 
Be good!


Ne sois pas méchant!
Don't be mean!


Q&A

dav

Kwiziq community member

2 November 2017

1 reply

the quiz gave the answer to "let's not be scared any more as "n'ayons" - why is it not "ne soyons"?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

2 November 2017

2/11/17

To be scared is in French literally "to have fear" and consequently translated as "avoir peur". Therefore the imperative is formed using the imperative of avoir and not être. Hence: "N'ayons pas peur" -- "Let's not have fear!"

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Andrew

Kwiziq community member

21 December 2016

2 replies

When to use the imperative vs subjunctive

Hi, why do you use the subjunctive to say "Have faith my friends" instead of the imperative? (ie AYEZ confiance, mes amis instead of AVEZ confiance, mes amis).

Andrew

Kwiziq community member

21 December 2016

21/12/16

P.S. I read your notes at https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/my-languages/french/glossary/51 and I still dont quite understand. what would "avez confiance mes amis" mean? Surely the imperative is used to express commands as well?

Andrew

Kwiziq community member

22 December 2016

22/12/16

Hi... I've been round the houses on the internet reading all sorts of notes and came back here and realise these notes told be what I needed to know all along... ooops sorry.... avoir and etre use an irregular form of the imperative which just happens to be the same as the subjunctive...LOL... I should have had more faith in your notes in the first place :)
I'll be right with you...