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Conjugate -é(-)er, -e(-)er verbs in Le Présent (except -eter and -eler)

Verbs ending in -É(-)ER such as célébrer, compléter, préférerespérer..., as well as most verbs ending in -E(-)ER (except for -ETER and -ELER verbs) such as mener, lever, semer, élever... are semi-regular -ER verbs in Le Présent, which means that, even though they take the regular -ER endings of Le Présent, their spelling and subsequently their pronunciation vary. 

The rule for these verbs is as follows:

The é (or first e in -E(-)ER) becomes è with je/tu/il/elle/on/ils/elles.

ATTENTION:

This rule does NOT apply to verbs in -Ê(-)ER such as fêter, rêver, arrêter...: they follow the regular -ER pattern.


Look at the case of COMPLÉTER (to complete):

je complète
tu  complètes
il/elle/on       complète
nous complétons
vous complétez
ils/elles  complètent

Note that ONLY the nous and vous forms don't change.

Of course, the pronunciation is affected: complèt- [com-plett], whereas complétons / complétez are [com-play-ton / com-play-tay]

Look at and listen to these other examples:

Mes amis ne célèbrent pas Noël, mais nous le célébrons.
My friends don't celebrate Christmas, but we celebrate it. 

Tu préfères la vanille, mais nous préférons le chocolat.
You prefer vanilla, but we prefer chocolate.

Il complète le test, mais vous ne le complétez pas.
He's completing the test, but you're not completing it.

Je m'inquiète, et ensuite vous vous inquiétez.
I get worried and then you get worried.

Nous interprétons les signes, mais il les interprète mieux que nous.
We interpret signs, but he interprets them better than us.

Je le répète, et ensuite vous le répétez.
I repeat it, and then you repeat it.

Tu révèles ton secret, et nous révélons le nôtre.
You reveal your secret, and we reveal ours.

J'espère que tu vas bien, et nous espérons te voir bientôt.
I hope you're ok, and we hope to see you soon.


Now look at the example of MENER (to lead):

je mène
tu  mènes
il/elle/on       mène
nous menons
vous menez
ils/elles  mènent

Note that, once again, ONLY the nous and vous forms don't change.

Of course, the pronunciation is affected: mène/mènes/mènent are pronounced [men], whereas menons/menez are [meu-non / meu-ney]

Look at and listen to these other examples:

Le matin, je me lève à 6 heures, mais vous vous levez à 7 heures.
In the morning, I get up at 6 but you get up at 7.

Je me promène dans le parc où vous vous promenez aussi.
I'm taking a walk in the park where you're taking a walk too.

L'épicier pèse les légumes, puis nous les repesons.
The grocer weighs the vegetables, then we weigh them again.

Elle enlève sa veste pendant que nous enlevons nos chaussures.
She's taking off her jacket while we're taking off our shoes.

Il élève des poules. Nous élevons des vaches.
He raises hens. We raise cows.

Ils sèment des tulipes et vous semez des tournesols.
They sow tulips and you sow sunflowers.



Verbs in -ETER and -ELER are a bit more complex to handle (of course!):

See Conjugate -eter and -eler verbs in Le Présent - main rule (ll / tt)

and  Conjugate -eter and -eler verbs in Le Présent - exceptions in 'è'

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Il complète le test, mais vous ne le complétez pas.
He's completing the test, but you're not completing it.


Le matin, je me lève à 6 heures, mais vous vous levez à 7 heures.
In the morning, I get up at 6 but you get up at 7.


Je m'inquiète, et ensuite vous vous inquiétez.
I get worried and then you get worried.


Tu préfères la vanille, mais nous préférons le chocolat.
You prefer vanilla, but we prefer chocolate.


J'espère que tu vas bien, et nous espérons te voir bientôt.
I hope you're ok, and we hope to see you soon.


Tu révèles ton secret, et nous révélons le nôtre.
You reveal your secret, and we reveal ours.


Mes amis ne célèbrent pas Noël, mais nous le célébrons.
My friends don't celebrate Christmas, but we celebrate it. 


Je me promène dans le parc où vous vous promenez aussi.
I'm taking a walk in the park where you're taking a walk too.


Je le répète, et ensuite vous le répétez.
I repeat it, and then you repeat it.


Ils sèment des tulipes et vous semez des tournesols.
They sow tulips and you sow sunflowers.


L'épicier pèse les légumes, puis nous les repesons.
The grocer weighs the vegetables, then we weigh them again.


Nous interprétons les signes, mais il les interprète mieux que nous.
We interpret signs, but he interprets them better than us.


Il élève des poules. Nous élevons des vaches.
He raises hens. We raise cows.


Elle enlève sa veste pendant que nous enlevons nos chaussures.
She's taking off her jacket while we're taking off our shoes.


Q&A

Pastry

Kwiziq community member

28 January 2018

3 replies

Can someone please explain to me why "on célèbre" and "on célébre" are both correct. Thanks.

Chris

Kwiziq community member

29 January 2018

29/01/18

As far as I am aware, "on célèbre" is correct, whereas "on célébre" is not. The former has an accent grave on the second "e" whereas the latter has an accent aigu. Maybe you men the infinitice, which has to accents aigus: célébrer?

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Chris

Kwiziq community member

29 January 2018

29/01/18

.... I hate it when typos strike in large numbers ;) The last sentence should, of course, read:

Maybe you mean the infinitive, which has two accents aigus: célébrer?

-- Chris.

Pastry

Kwiziq community member

29 January 2018

29/01/18

Thank you. I think i confused the wrong answer for a correct one *face palm*

Ron

Kwiziq community member

24 November 2017

3 replies

completez vs vous êtes en train de completer

So here is the question:Vous ________ cet exercice. -->You're filling in this exercise. HINT: compléter = to fill in Here is the proposed response --> complétez My anser: êtes en train de compléter It appears to me that either response is correct due to the fact that it is an ongoing, in the moment action of completing the exercise. Vous êtes en train de compléter cet exercice. Please explain the reason that this would not be a correct answer to this question. Merci en avance.

Chris

Kwiziq community member

24 November 2017

24/11/17

I guess the only reason to use complétez is that the exercise is all about conjugating this kind of verbs.

-- Chris.

Ron

Kwiziq community member

24 November 2017

24/11/17

That’s sort of what I was thinking too.
Thanks

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

12 December 2017

12/12/17

Bonjour Ron !

Thanks for letting us know :)
Indeed, the hint here should have given you the tense we wanted you to conjugate in, which was Le Présent.
Thanks to you, I've now edited the hint accordingly.

PS: Your answer is perfectly correct grammatically btw :)

Bonne journée !

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