Conjugate -é(-)er, -e(-)er verbs in Le Présent (except -eter and -eler)

Verbs ending in -É(-)ER such as célébrer, compléter, préférerespérer..., as well as most verbs ending in -E(-)ER (except for -ETER and -ELER verbs) such as mener, lever, semer, élever... are semi-regular -ER verbs in Présent indicatif, which means that, even though they take the regular -ER endings of Présent indicatif, their spelling and subsequently their pronunciation vary. 

The rule for these verbs is as follows:

The é in -É(-)ER (or first e in -E(-)ER) becomes è with je/tu/il/elle/on/ils/elles.

ATTENTION:

This rule does NOT apply to verbs in -Ê(-)ER such as fêter, rêver, arrêter...: they follow the regular -ER pattern (See Conjugate regular -er verbs in Le Présent (present tense)).


Look at the case of COMPLÉTER (to complete):

je complète
tu  complètes
il/elle/on       complète
nous complétons
vous complétez
ils/elles  complètent

Note that ONLY the nous and vous forms don't change.

Of course, the pronunciation is affected: complèt- [com-plett], whereas complétons / complétez are [com-play-ton / com-play-tay]

Look at and listen to these other examples:

Mes amis ne célèbrent pas Noël, mais nous le célébrons.
My friends don't celebrate Christmas, but we celebrate it. 

Tu préfères la vanille, mais nous préférons le chocolat.
You prefer vanilla, but we prefer chocolate.

Il complète le test, mais vous ne le complétez pas.
He's completing the test, but you're not completing it.

Je m'inquiète, et ensuite vous vous inquiétez.
I get worried and then you get worried.

Nous interprétons les signes, mais il les interprète mieux que nous.
We interpret signs, but he interprets them better than us.

Je le répète, et ensuite vous le répétez.
I repeat it, and then you repeat it.

Tu révèles ton secret, et nous révélons le nôtre.
You reveal your secret, and we reveal ours.

J'espère que tu vas bien, et nous espérons te voir bientôt.
I hope you're ok, and we hope to see you soon.


Now look at the example of MENER (to lead):

je mène
tu  mènes
il/elle/on       mène
nous menons
vous menez
ils/elles  mènent

Note that, once again, ONLY the nous and vous forms don't change.

Of course, the pronunciation is affected: mène/mènes/mènent are pronounced [men], whereas menons/menez are [meu-non / meu-ney]

Look at and listen to these other examples:

Le matin, je me lève à 6 heures, mais vous vous levez à 7 heures.
In the morning, I get up at 6 but you get up at 7.

Je me promène dans le parc où vous vous promenez aussi.
I'm taking a walk in the park where you're taking a walk too.

L'épicier pèse les légumes, puis nous les repesons.
The grocer weighs the vegetables, then we weigh them again.

Elle enlève sa veste pendant que nous enlevons nos chaussures.
She's taking off her jacket while we're taking off our shoes.

Il élève des poules. Nous élevons des vaches.
He raises hens. We raise cows.

Ils sèment des tulipes et vous semez des tournesols.
They sow tulips and you sow sunflowers.



Verbs in -ETER and -ELER are a bit more complex to handle (of course!):

See Conjugate -eter and -eler verbs in Le Présent - main rule (ll / tt)

and  Conjugate -eter and -eler verbs in Le Présent - exceptions in 'è'

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Nous interprétons les signes, mais il les interprète mieux que nous.
We interpret signs, but he interprets them better than us.


Il élève des poules. Nous élevons des vaches.
He raises hens. We raise cows.


Elle enlève sa veste pendant que nous enlevons nos chaussures.
She's taking off her jacket while we're taking off our shoes.


Il complète le test, mais vous ne le complétez pas.
He's completing the test, but you're not completing it.


Le matin, je me lève à 6 heures, mais vous vous levez à 7 heures.
In the morning, I get up at 6 but you get up at 7.


Je m'inquiète, et ensuite vous vous inquiétez.
I get worried and then you get worried.


Tu préfères la vanille, mais nous préférons le chocolat.
You prefer vanilla, but we prefer chocolate.


J'espère que tu vas bien, et nous espérons te voir bientôt.
I hope you're ok, and we hope to see you soon.


Tu révèles ton secret, et nous révélons le nôtre.
You reveal your secret, and we reveal ours.


Mes amis ne célèbrent pas Noël, mais nous le célébrons.
My friends don't celebrate Christmas, but we celebrate it. 


Je me promène dans le parc où vous vous promenez aussi.
I'm taking a walk in the park where you're taking a walk too.


Je le répète, et ensuite vous le répétez.
I repeat it, and then you repeat it.


Ils sèment des tulipes et vous semez des tournesols.
They sow tulips and you sow sunflowers.


L'épicier pèse les légumes, puis nous les repesons.
The grocer weighs the vegetables, then we weigh them again.


Q&A Forum 7 questions, 19 answers

AlanA1Kwiziq community member

Could this lesson be split into several smaller lessons?

During my Dashboard test, one of the questions was:

Nous ______  tous le mot "hypocondriaque". (We're all spelling the word "hypochondriac".)

HINT: Conjugate "épeler" (to spell) in Le Présent

Problem:  Trying to find"épeler" in the lesson page was an absolute nightmare. For the younger guys, it might be easy enough, but I'm 76.

Trying to find "épeler" didn't work, because it doesn't exist in the page.

Never mind. Marchons! Marchons!

Next, try to find the correct template for "épeler" in one of the following templates:

-é(-)er, -e(-)er, -eter, -eler, -Ê(-)ER [Note the change from lower case to upper case in the final template.]

My first attempt to find "épeler" in one of those templates stopped when I found  -e(-)er, which matches -eler

The next step was to find out how to conjugate it. I failed, because the only conjugated verb on the whole page is COMPLÉTER, which does not match the template (it matches -é(-)er).

Are we confused yet?

I followed the advice to omit any question if I was unsure about the answer.

BTW: The sharp-eyed will have noticed the template -eler actually exists near the end of my list of templates. So there are ambiguous templates.

Footnote: IMHO, there's far too much material on this page. It could be split into possibly four or five lessons. The lesson generates two questions in the micro-kwiz and 1 question in the dashboard quiz. The lesson demands at least 20 questions.

Attempts to compress the material result in statements such as:

Verbs ending in -É(-)ER such as célébrer, compléter, préférer, espérer..., as well as most verbs ending in -E(-)ER (except for -ETER and -ELER verbs) such as mener, lever, semer, élever... are semi-regular -ER verbs 

Compare with a lesson such as "Conjugate avoir in Le Présent (present tense)" which has only a fraction of the material, and is much easier to understand. Yet that lesson also generates two questions in the micro-kwiz and 1 question in the dashboard quiz.

Asked 2 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

I agree that lessons vary widely in content and complexity. Some are almost trivial little tidbits while others are huge chunks of knowledge. It would, indeed, be preferable to keep them all about the same level of complexity and volume.

Could this lesson be split into several smaller lessons?

During my Dashboard test, one of the questions was:

Nous ______  tous le mot "hypocondriaque". (We're all spelling the word "hypochondriac".)

HINT: Conjugate "épeler" (to spell) in Le Présent

Problem:  Trying to find"épeler" in the lesson page was an absolute nightmare. For the younger guys, it might be easy enough, but I'm 76.

Trying to find "épeler" didn't work, because it doesn't exist in the page.

Never mind. Marchons! Marchons!

Next, try to find the correct template for "épeler" in one of the following templates:

-é(-)er, -e(-)er, -eter, -eler, -Ê(-)ER [Note the change from lower case to upper case in the final template.]

My first attempt to find "épeler" in one of those templates stopped when I found  -e(-)er, which matches -eler

The next step was to find out how to conjugate it. I failed, because the only conjugated verb on the whole page is COMPLÉTER, which does not match the template (it matches -é(-)er).

Are we confused yet?

I followed the advice to omit any question if I was unsure about the answer.

BTW: The sharp-eyed will have noticed the template -eler actually exists near the end of my list of templates. So there are ambiguous templates.

Footnote: IMHO, there's far too much material on this page. It could be split into possibly four or five lessons. The lesson generates two questions in the micro-kwiz and 1 question in the dashboard quiz. The lesson demands at least 20 questions.

Attempts to compress the material result in statements such as:

Verbs ending in -É(-)ER such as célébrer, compléter, préférer, espérer..., as well as most verbs ending in -E(-)ER (except for -ETER and -ELER verbs) such as mener, lever, semer, élever... are semi-regular -ER verbs 

Compare with a lesson such as "Conjugate avoir in Le Présent (present tense)" which has only a fraction of the material, and is much easier to understand. Yet that lesson also generates two questions in the micro-kwiz and 1 question in the dashboard quiz.

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MarshaA2Kwiziq community member

Existence of le in a sentence

Why is there "le" in the sentence: Tu révèles ton secret et nous révélons le notre. 

Asked 3 months ago
ShreyA1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Bonjour Marsha!

The correct sentence will be- 

Tu révèles ton secret et nous révélons le nôtre.

Here, “le” is actually a part of the possessive pronoun- ‘le nôtre’ which means “ours”.

Also, le agrees in number and gender  to the object it refers to, that is, the secret in this case which is masculine singular.

Have a look at the following Kwiziq lesson->

Le nôtre, le vôtre, le leur, etc = Ours, yours, theirs (possessive pronouns)

The sentence hence means-

You reveal your secret and we reveal ours.

Hope this helps!

Existence of le in a sentence

Why is there "le" in the sentence: Tu révèles ton secret et nous révélons le notre. 

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LuciaA2Kwiziq community member

Should the sentece "Elle enlève sa veste nous enlevons nos chaussures" be Elle enlève la veste pendant que nous enlevons les chaussures"

Asked 8 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Lucia, 

No, the sentence is correct , normally le /la/ les will be used with reflexive verbs which 'enlever' is not...

i.e. 

Se brosser, les cheveux, les dents...

Hope this helps

 

Should the sentece "Elle enlève sa veste nous enlevons nos chaussures" be Elle enlève la veste pendant que nous enlevons les chaussures"

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RobC1Kwiziq community member

The English sentence under the heading "Details" does not make sense and is not grammatically correct.

Asked 9 months ago
TomC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Hi Rob,

Am I missing something? I dont see a heading "Details" in the referenced lesson.

To

The English sentence under the heading "Details" does not make sense and is not grammatically correct.

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AyushiA0Kwiziq community member

Which one is correct?

Asked 1 year ago
AyushiA0Kwiziq community member

Mes parents possèdent leur propre maison.

Mes parents possédent leur propre maison.

GruffKwiziq team member
The first one is correct. If you look at the table in the lesson it follows the same pattern as COMPLÉTER , so the acute accent changes to grave except for the nous and vous forms.
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

You might want to bookmark this page:
http://www.verbix.com/languages/french.html

This is a very helpful site giving you conjugations of all French verbs.

AyushiA0Kwiziq community member
According to me also, the first one is correct but when I marked the same answer in the quiz it came wrong. So, I wanted to confirm it.
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Can you redo the quiz? If you confirm that you answered correctly yet got scored wrong, post again.
AyushiA0Kwiziq community member

Merci beaucoup!

My problem is solved now. I was confused and now I got the right answer.

Which one is correct?

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PastryA1Kwiziq community member

Can someone please explain to me why "on célèbre" and "on célébre" are both correct. Thanks.

Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer
As far as I am aware, "on célèbre" is correct, whereas "on célébre" is not. The former has an accent grave on the second "e" whereas the latter has an accent aigu. Maybe you mean the infinitice, which has two accents aigus: célébrer?

-- Chris (not a native speaker).
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
.... I hate it when typos strike in large numbers ;) The last sentence should, of course, read: Maybe you mean the infinitive, which has two accents aigus: célébrer? -- Chris.
PastryA1Kwiziq community member
Thank you. I think i confused the wrong answer for a correct one *face palm*

Can someone please explain to me why "on célèbre" and "on célébre" are both correct. Thanks.

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RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

completez vs vous êtes en train de completer

So here is the question:Vous ________ cet exercice. -->You're filling in this exercise. HINT: compléter = to fill in Here is the proposed response --> complétez My anser: êtes en train de compléter It appears to me that either response is correct due to the fact that it is an ongoing, in the moment action of completing the exercise. Vous êtes en train de compléter cet exercice. Please explain the reason that this would not be a correct answer to this question. Merci en avance.
Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer
I guess the only reason to use complétez is that the exercise is all about conjugating this kind of verbs. -- Chris.
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
That’s sort of what I was thinking too. Thanks
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Ron ! Thanks for letting us know :) Indeed, the hint here should have given you the tense we wanted you to conjugate in, which was Le Présent. Thanks to you, I've now edited the hint accordingly. PS: Your answer is perfectly correct grammatically btw :) Bonne journée !
MarnieC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Perhaps the confusion cd be eliminated by adding to the description of the rule. Rather than say the first « e » one you say the « e » just before the root of the verb adds/changes to « é ».  This way « célébrer » would obviously follow the same rule as « compléter »...?
MarnieC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
or I should say « obviously be seen to follow » instead of « obviously follow »
AurélieKwiziq team member

Bonjour Marnie !

Following your interesting feedback, I've amended the lesson to make this point clearer :)

Merci et bonne journée !

completez vs vous êtes en train de completer

So here is the question:Vous ________ cet exercice. -->You're filling in this exercise. HINT: compléter = to fill in Here is the proposed response --> complétez My anser: êtes en train de compléter It appears to me that either response is correct due to the fact that it is an ongoing, in the moment action of completing the exercise. Vous êtes en train de compléter cet exercice. Please explain the reason that this would not be a correct answer to this question. Merci en avance.

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Getting that for you now.