Just to add on to what Chris has said , "Remind me to take out the bin" is actually the Imperative present used for requests and commands.
"Rappelle-moi de sortir la poubelle."
Hope this helps!
You say that in English "to remind" is only used in the past of future but in your example you are using it in the present tense:
Remind me to take out the bin. -- Present tense.You reminded me to take out the bin. -- Past tense.You will remind me to take out the bin. -- Future tense.
-- Chris (not a native speaker).
The best definition I know of tense says only that it is "connected" to the time when something happens. "Remind me to take out the bin" is, grammatically speaking, in the present tense. But it only makes sense semantically as expressing a wish for the future: remind me IN THE FUTURE to take out the bin.
Many confusions like this come from the blurring of syntax and semantics. Tense is purely syntactic.
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