Using the subjunctive in the imperative

Answered! Jump to accepted answer.

James

Kwiziq community member

19 September 2018

4 replies

Using the subjunctive in the imperative

When would the subjunctive be used in the imperative form?

Vive La France! is the expression that comes to mind.

This relates to:
Conjugate regular verbs in L'Impératif (imperative) -

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

19 September 2018

19/09/18

Hi James,

In the expression 'Vive la France' or 'Que vive la France!', vive is the subjunctive of the verb vivre

The imperative would be - vis, vivons, vivez , as in 

Vis ta vie !  = Live your life!

Vivons au jour le jour! = Let's live one day at a time!

Vivez pour le moment! Live for the moment!

Hope this helps!

Chris

Kwiziq community member

19 September 2018

19/09/18

The sentence "Vive la France" is, strictly speaking, not an imperative, as Cécile noted. It is a wish and hence requires the subjunctive and not the imperative. 

James

Kwiziq community member

20 September 2018

20/09/18

Thank You. I read it as being imperative, telling France to live-in times of conflict or difficulty.

Chris

Kwiziq community member

24 September 2018

24/09/18

Understandably so. But actually it means, "may France live" or "let France live".

Your answer

Login to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Think you've got all the answers?

Test your French to the CEFR standard

find your French level »
3049questions6411answers126,923users
Clever stuff underway!