J'aurai vs. Je serai. What's the difference?

Answered! Jump to accepted answer.

Claire

Kwiziq community member

2 September 2016

1 reply

J'aurai vs. Je serai. What's the difference?

I'm bit confused by these two examples: J'aurai sûrement un quart d'heure de retard. I will probably be fifteen minutes late. Je serai sûrement en retard d'un quart d'heure. I will probably be fifteen minutes late. If "j'aurai" and "je serai" both mean "I will", how do I know which one to use?

This question relates to:
French lesson "Expressing timeliness (late, early) - precise"

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

2 September 2016

2/09/16

They don't really mean "I will," but rather "I will have" and "I will be," respectively.

J'aurai is the future of avoir - to have. So J'aurai sûrement un quart d'heure de retard literally means "I will surely have a quarter hour of lateness." Here, retard is a noun in French, so you "have" it.

Je serai is the future of être - to be. Je serai sûrement en retard d'un quart d'heure means I will surely be late by a quarter hour. Here, en retard is an adverb, so you are late.

The difference is probably easier to understand with different examples:

J'aurai du temps libre demain = I will have some free time tomorrow.

vs

Je serai là à midi = I will be there at noon.

Your answer

Login to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Think you've got all the answers?

Test your French to the CEFR standard

find your French level »
3420questions7167answers135,388users
Thinking...