Mon, ma, mes; ton, ta, tes; son, sa, ses = my; your; his / her (possessive adjectives)

Look at these sentences:

Il déteste son frère.He hates his brother.

Tu as ton crayon?Do you have your pencil?

J'aime mon chienI love my dog

Jean aime ses parents.Jean loves his parents.

Note that the equivalent of 'my', 'your' or 'his/her' etc. are:

  Singular Plural
English (masc objects) (fem objects) (masc/fem)
my mon ma mes
your (tu)  ton ta tes
his/her son sa ses

Note the similarity of the forms.

These are called possessive adjectives. 

IMPORTANT: It's tempting to try to 'agree' these with the gender of the owner but only the first letter is determined by the owner (m = my; t = your, s = his/her) etc. The rest of the adjective is related to the gender and number of the thing they own

Lisa adore son frère.Lisa adores her brother.

Il équipe sa voiture d'un gyrophare.He's fitting his car with flashing (police) light.

 

More Possessive Adjectives

Notre, nos, votre, vos, leur, leurs = our, your, their (possessive adjectives)

and the more advanced

Common mistakes with mon/ma/mes, ton/ta/tes and son/sa/ses (possessive adjectives)

Using "mon" rather than "ma" with feminine nouns starting with a vowel or mute h (possessive adjectives)

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Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

...avec sa canne dans la main.... with his cane in his hand.
Elle adore sa poupée.She loves her doll.
Il équipe sa voiture d'un gyrophare.He's fitting his car with flashing (police) light.
J'aime mon chienI love my dog
Jean aime ses parents.Jean loves his parents.
Tu as ton crayon?Do you have your pencil?
Il déteste son frère.He hates his brother.

ATTENTION !


Lisa adore son frère.Lisa adores her brother.
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