Le Passé Composé is mostly used where English uses Simple Past

Look at these usages of the Passé Composé:

J'ai déjà mangéI ate already (simple past), or I've eaten already (present perfect)

L'Angleterre a gagné la bataille de Trafalgar en 1805.England won the battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

J'ai acheté un pull ce matin.I bought a jumper this morning.

Notice that although the Passé Composé is structurally similar to the English present perfect form, e.g. j'ai mangé looks like "I have eaten", it is used in most cases where we say I ate.

Therefore, to say ''I played football yesterday.', you will use the French Passé Composé "J'ai joué au foot hier."

This can be very confusing for English speakers at first. 

The nuances we have in English between "I have eaten" and "I ate" don't really exist in French. They come instead from the context and the tone used.

 

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Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

L'Angleterre a gagné la bataille de Trafalgar en 1805.England won the battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
Tu as fini ton travail avant 10 heures.You finished your work before 10.

both are possible


J'ai déjà mangéI ate already (simple past), or I've eaten already (present perfect)

generally


J'ai acheté un pull ce matin.I bought a jumper this morning.
Clever stuff underway!