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En with quantities = Of them (adverbial pronoun)

Look at these uses of en:

J'ai quatre chiens. - J'en ai quatre.I've got four dogs. - I've got four of them.

Il a regardé deux films. - Il en a regardé deux.He watched two films.  - He watched two of them

Laure apporte cent roses. - Laure en apporte cent.Laure is bringing a hundred roses. - Laure is bringing a hundred of them.

Vous voulez une boîte de chocolats ? - Oui, je vais en prendre une.Do you want a box of chocolates? - Yes, I'm going to take one.

En as a pronoun can replace a noun when given a quantity of it = I bought twenty of them / I have three of them...

Note the order is as such:  

Simple tense : en + [verb] + [number]
Close Future :  aller + en + [infinitive] + [number]
Compound tense : en + [auxiliary] + [past participle] + [number]


This also applies to un / une (one):

Tu achètes un pantalon ? - Oui, j'en achète un.Are you buying (a pair of) trousers? -Yes, I'm buying one.

Tu as des sœurs ? - Oui, j'en ai une.Do you have sisters? - Yes, I have one.

as well as un autre / une autre (another one)

Tu as aimé ta glace ? - Oui, j'en veux une autre !Did you enjoy your ice cream? - Yes, I want another one!

Mon stylo s'est cassé alors j'en ai acheté un autre.My pen broke so I bought another one.

 

See also En can replace de + phrase (adverbial pronoun)

and Replacing nouns with le, la, l', les = it, him, her, them (direct object pronouns) 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Mon stylo s'est cassé alors j'en ai acheté un autre.My pen broke so I bought another one.
Tu as des sœurs ? - Oui, j'en ai une.Do you have sisters? - Yes, I have one.
Tu as aimé ta glace ? - Oui, j'en veux une autre !Did you enjoy your ice cream? - Yes, I want another one!
Tu achètes un pantalon ? - Oui, j'en achète un.Are you buying (a pair of) trousers? -Yes, I'm buying one.
J'ai quatre chiens. - J'en ai quatre.I've got four dogs. - I've got four of them.
Il a regardé deux films. - Il en a regardé deux.He watched two films.  - He watched two of them
Vous voulez une boîte de chocolats ? - Oui, je vais en prendre une.Do you want a box of chocolates? - Yes, I'm going to take one.
Laure apporte cent roses. - Laure en apporte cent.Laure is bringing a hundred roses. - Laure is bringing a hundred of them.

Q&A Forum 6 questions, 14 answers

ChrisC1Kwiziq community member

Is "en" really needed with "un autre"?

One of the examples given here is "Mon stylo s'est cassé alors j'en ai acheté un autre".

It seems to me that "Mon stylo s'est cassé alors j'ai acheté un autre" would work just as well, because "un autre" implies "un stylo". So would the second version (i.e. without "en") be: a) OK; b) clumsy; or c) just plain wrong?

Thanks

Asked 2 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Chris, 

No, in French you have to have 'en' or repeat the word stylo which wouldn't be very elegant.

A French person will automatically use the 'en' so it is plain wrong not to do so.

Hope this helps!

 

WendyC1Kwiziq community member

Hi

My understanding when it comes to either en or y is that they are always required. I think your version would be understood -but incorrect.

Is "en" really needed with "un autre"?

One of the examples given here is "Mon stylo s'est cassé alors j'en ai acheté un autre".

It seems to me that "Mon stylo s'est cassé alors j'ai acheté un autre" would work just as well, because "un autre" implies "un stylo". So would the second version (i.e. without "en") be: a) OK; b) clumsy; or c) just plain wrong?

Thanks

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ChrisA1Kwiziq community member

Need help on utilisation of ''en''

Please could please explain to me more on how ''en'' is used to replace plural items

Asked 2 months ago

Need help on utilisation of ''en''

Please could please explain to me more on how ''en'' is used to replace plural items

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BlakeC1Kwiziq community member

Would you say t'en or tu en?

I put t'en for a question and it said it was wrong

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

I see what you mean -

e.g.

Tu en veux? can be 

T'en veux

but only in every day speech and it is very informal ....

CécileKwiziq team member

I need more context, Blake....

BlakeC1Kwiziq community member

I don't think context is needed. Can you contract "Tu en" to be "t'en" as a general rule?

Would you say t'en or tu en?

I put t'en for a question and it said it was wrong

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ShreyA1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Pls help in replacing the nouns in these sentences with 'en' pronoun- 1. J'ai envie d'une nouvelle voiture. 2. Il y a dix oranges sur la table. 3.

3. Nous donne-t-il des billets d'avion ?

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Steve,

Just the first one 

J'en ai envie d'une.

SteveB2 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Varsha,

1. J'en ai envie une.

2. Il y en a dix sur la table.

3. Nous en donne-t-il ?

Non-native speaker so apologies in advance if I get corrected on any of these!

SteveB2 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Thanks. I had my doubts on that point in particular.
ShreyA1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Thanks Steve and Madame Cécile

Pls help in replacing the nouns in these sentences with 'en' pronoun- 1. J'ai envie d'une nouvelle voiture. 2. Il y a dix oranges sur la table. 3.

3. Nous donne-t-il des billets d'avion ?

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DraganaC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Can I say - As-tu un examen dans ce sujet? Oui, j'en aurai un.

Asked 2 years ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

I would say "As-tu un examen sur ce sujet?"

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

AurélieKwiziq team member

Chris's sentence refers to a topic. If you mean a school subject, I'd use the word "une matière" instead:

"As-tu un examen dans cette matière ? Oui, j'en ai un fin mars."

Bonne journée !

Can I say - As-tu un examen dans ce sujet? Oui, j'en aurai un.

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AndyC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Indefinite articles

When the lesson states that en, as a pronoun, can replace a noun + a quantity, is this effectively saying that en can replace any noun introduced by an indefinite article? (and the indefinite article itself too of course!)
Asked 3 years ago
AndyC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
For example: As-tu une caméra ? - Oui j'en ai une.
LauraKwiziq team member
Bonjour Andy, Yes, that's exactly what it means.
AndyC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Wow, I hadn't thought of it in those terms before. That really helps. Thank-you.

Indefinite articles

When the lesson states that en, as a pronoun, can replace a noun + a quantity, is this effectively saying that en can replace any noun introduced by an indefinite article? (and the indefinite article itself too of course!)

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