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En with quantities = Of them (adverbial pronoun)

Look at these uses of en:

J'ai quatre chiens. - J'en ai quatre.
I've got four dogs. - I've got four of them.

Il a regardé deux films. - Il en a regardé deux.
He watched two films.  - He watched two of them

Laure apporte cent roses. - Laure en apporte cent.
Laure is bringing a hundred roses. - Laure is bringing a hundred of them.

Vous voulez une boîte de chocolats ? - Oui, je vais en prendre une.
Do you want a box of chocolates? - Yes, I'm going to take one.

En as a pronoun can replace a noun when given a quantity of it = I bought twenty of them / I have three of them...

Note the order is as such:  

Simple tense : en + [verb] + [number]
Close Future :  aller + en + [infinitive] + [number]
Compound tense : en + [auxiliary] + [past participle] + [number]


This also applies to un / une (one):

Tu achètes un pantalon ? - Oui, j'en achète un.
Are you buying (a pair of) trousers? -Yes, I'm buying one.

Tu as des sœurs ? - Oui, j'en ai une.
Do you have sisters? - Yes, I have one.

as well as un autre / une autre (another one)

Tu as aimé ta glace ? - Oui, j'en veux une autre !
Did you enjoy your ice cream? - Yes, I want another one!

Mon stylo s'est cassé alors j'en ai acheté un autre.
My pen broke so I bought another one.

 

See also En can replace de + phrase (adverbial pronoun)

and Replacing nouns with le, la, l', les = it, him, her, them (direct object pronouns) 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources


Tu achètes un pantalon ? - Oui, j'en achète un.
Are you buying (a pair of) trousers? -Yes, I'm buying one.


J'ai quatre chiens. - J'en ai quatre.
I've got four dogs. - I've got four of them.


Il a regardé deux films. - Il en a regardé deux.
He watched two films.  - He watched two of them



Vous voulez une boîte de chocolats ? - Oui, je vais en prendre une.
Do you want a box of chocolates? - Yes, I'm going to take one.


Laure apporte cent roses. - Laure en apporte cent.
Laure is bringing a hundred roses. - Laure is bringing a hundred of them.


Mon stylo s'est cassé alors j'en ai acheté un autre.
My pen broke so I bought another one.


Tu as des sœurs ? - Oui, j'en ai une.
Do you have sisters? - Yes, I have one.


Tu as aimé ta glace ? - Oui, j'en veux une autre !
Did you enjoy your ice cream? - Yes, I want another one!


Q&A

Dragana

Kwiziq community member

7 March 2018

2 replies

Can I say - As-tu un examen dans ce sujet? Oui, j'en aurai un.

Chris

Kwiziq community member

7 March 2018

7/03/18

I would say "As-tu un examen sur ce sujet?"


-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

7 March 2018

7/03/18

Chris's sentence refers to a topic. If you mean a school subject, I'd use the word "une matière" instead:


"As-tu un examen dans cette matière ? Oui, j'en ai un fin mars."


Bonne journée !

Andy

Kwiziq community member

4 June 2016

3 replies

Indefinite articles

When the lesson states that en, as a pronoun, can replace a noun + a quantity, is this effectively saying that en can replace any noun introduced by an indefinite article? (and the indefinite article itself too of course!)

Andy

Kwiziq community member

4 June 2016

4/06/16

For example:

As-tu une caméra ? - Oui j'en ai une.

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

6 June 2016

6/06/16

Bonjour Andy,

Yes, that's exactly what it means.

Andy

Kwiziq community member

6 June 2016

6/06/16

Wow, I hadn't thought of it in those terms before.
That really helps.
Thank-you.

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