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Using "y" with affirmative commands (L'Impératif)

Look at these sentences in L'Impératif:

Mange dans ce restaurant ! Manges-y !
Eat in that restaurant! Eat there!

Tu y vas. - Vas-y !
You're going there. - Go there!

Restons-y !
Let's stay there!

Retournez-y !
Go back there!

Allons-!
Let's go!

-> Note that in French, you always need to mention where you're going with aller (to go *somewhere*) 

Note that in L'Impératif, the pronoun y is placed after the verb with a hyphen in between.

ATTENTION: 

In the tu form, -ER verbs recover their original -s  in front of y (for pronunciation reasons):

Mange dans ce restaurant ! Manges-y !
Eat in that restaurant! Eat there!

Marches-y !
Walk there!

 

See also Using "en" with affirmative commands (L'Impératif)
and Conjugate regular verbs in L'Impératif (imperative)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Restons-y !
Let's stay there!


Mange dans ce restaurant ! Manges-y !
Eat in that restaurant! Eat there!


Marches-y !
Walk there!


Allons-!
Let's go!


Tu y vas. - Vas-y !
You're going there. - Go there!


Mangez-y !
Eat there!


Retournez-y !
Go back there!


Q&A

Joakim

Kwiziq community member

9 April 2017

1 reply

Allons/Allons-y

Could you use just "Allons!" for "Let's go!" if there's no clear destination, or should both "Let's go!" and "Let's go there!" be translated as "Allons-y" ?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

10 April 2017

10/04/17

Bonjour Joakim !

No, in French you always need to use the verb "aller" with a location = to go *somewhere*.
When in English you can simply imply "where you're going" (I'm going now), in French you have to express it, if only with "y" (J'y vais maintenant).
I've now added a note in the lesson to explain this :)

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Susan

Kwiziq community member

1 December 2016

2 replies

How do you form the interrogative with "y"

Asiimwe

Kwiziq community member

2 December 2016

2/12/16

Il y a

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

10 April 2017

10/04/17

Bonjour Susan !

What do you mean here? Do you have a specific example?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

17 October 2016

1 reply

Difference between "On y va!" and "Allons-y!"

I answered "On y va!" and it was marked wrong. I wonder what the difference between "on y va" and "allons-y" really is... Thanks, -- Chris.

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

17 October 2016

17/10/16

Bonjour Chris !

In terms of meaning, "on y va" and "allons-y" are used very similarly.
However, "on y va" is in Le Présent Indicatif, which means it's a simple, declarative sentence: "We're going". This sentence CAN be emphasised with an exclamation mark "On y va !" -> "We're going!", expressing excitement, and in some cases be translated as "Let's go!").
As for "Allons-y !", it is in L'Impératif Présent, which expresses commands and advice, and is the literal translation of "Let's go!".

Here, we were specifically expecting the use of L'Impératif. Thanks to your question, we've now added a hint to remove any anbiguity ;)

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Sheldon

Kwiziq community member

11 February 2016

1 reply

When do you use en instead of y?

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

11 February 2016

11/02/16

Hi Sheldon - thanks for asking this.


I've added links in the lessons now between the two use cases for "y" and "en" with affirmative commands so you can compare them.


You may also find it useful to know that in any of our lessons you can generally see related lessons listed on the lower right even if they're not listed within the leson. Also, the links under the "Jargon Buster" will take you to the glossary where you can see other lessons appearing under the same area of grammar.


"y" and "en" are called Adverbial Pronouns and they're used in various additional situations: https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/revision/glossary/pronoun-type/adverbial-pronouns


Hope that helps!

Let me take a look at that...