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Dont = Including, of which

Look at these sentences using the preposition dont:

J'ai acheté deux manteaux, dont un pour l'hiver.
I bought two coats, including one for the winter./ one of which is for winter.

Il y a 45 vaches dans cette ferme, dont dix blanches.
There are 45 cows in that farm, including ten white ones. / ten of which are white.

Annie aime les romans de Jane Austen, dont Orgueil et Préjugés et Emma.
Annie likes Jane Austen's novels, including Pride and Prejudice and Emma.

Pour ce soir, nous avons sélectionné des films d'horreur, dont Les Griffes de la Nuit et Vendredi 13.
For tonight, we selected horror movies, including Nightmare on Elm Street and Friday 13th.

 
The preposition dont can be used to express including (literally of which)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Pour ce soir, nous avons sélectionné des films d'horreur, dont Les Griffes de la Nuit et Vendredi 13.
For tonight, we selected horror movies, including Nightmare on Elm Street and Friday 13th.


Annie aime les romans de Jane Austen, dont Orgueil et Préjugés et Emma.
Annie likes Jane Austen's novels, including Pride and Prejudice and Emma.


J'ai acheté deux manteaux, dont un pour l'hiver.
I bought two coats, including one for the winter./ one of which is for winter.


Il y a 45 vaches dans cette ferme, dont dix blanches.
There are 45 cows in that farm, including ten white ones. / ten of which are white.


Nous avons trois chiens, dont deux labradors.
We have three dogs, including two Labradors. / two of which are Labradors


Q&A

CrystalMaiden

Kwiziq community member

11 May 2018

1 reply

Are you never allowed to use incluant, you have to use dont?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

11 May 2018

11/05/18

Bonjour CrystalMaiden !


No, incluant is never used in this context, it is a false friend in this case :)

Kathryn

Kwiziq community member

28 January 2016

2 replies

how to use ce dont

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

29 January 2016

29/01/16

Bonjour Kathryn,

Ce dont is an indefinite relative pronoun. It's used for the same reasons as dont (e.g., when replacing something that begins with de) but when there is no antecendent.

Compare:

Voici le stylo dont tu as besoin - Here's the pen you need.
Je ne sais pas ce dont j'ai besoin - I don't know what I need.

Kathryn

Kwiziq community member

29 January 2016

29/01/16

Un grand merci, Laura.
Thinking...