Forming inverted questions with reflexive verbs in Le Présent

Look at these questions with reflexive verbs:

T'appelles-tu Martine?
Is your name Martine?

Se lave-t-il le matin?
Does he wash in the morning?

Pourquoi se regarde-t-elle dans le miroir?
Why is she looking at herself in the mirror?

Quand nous battons-nous?
When do we fight?

Pourquoi la fille se moque-t-elle de son frère?
Why is the girl laughing at her brother?

Paul se brosse-t-il les dents?
Is Paul brushing his teeth?

 

Note that when building questions using reflexive verbs in French, the reflexive pronoun (me/te/se/nous/vous/se) comes first, followed by the verb and then the subject pronoun (je/tu/il etc.)

Note: When the reversed pronoun starts with a vowel and there is no "t" or "d" at the end of the verb, you must add the "t" between hyphens


When the subject of your interrogative sentence is a noun, this one comes first and it's then repeated by the matching pronoun

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Se lave-t-il le matin?
Does he wash in the morning?


Quand nous battons-nous?
When do we fight?


T'appelles-tu Martine?
Is your name Martine?


Pourquoi se regarde-t-elle dans le miroir?
Why is she looking at herself in the mirror?



noun as a subject


Où ta mère et toi vous faites-vous les ongles?
Where are your mum and you doing your nails?


Paul se brosse-t-il les dents?
Is Paul brushing his teeth?


Pourquoi la fille se moque-t-elle de son frère?
Why is the girl laughing at her brother?


Q&A

Maheswari

Kwiziq community member

12 October 2018

1 reply

"Lily a son passeport"how to covert this as question

how to conjuncte this in interrogative when the subject is a name

Chris

Kwiziq community member

12 October 2018

12/10/18

HI Maheswari,

Lily a-t-elle son passeport?

You need to explicitly state the name and then you can use the personal pronoun.

Dale

Kwiziq community member

13 August 2018

2 replies

How do you form inverted questions in passè composé using the object pronouns y and en?

For instance, if you want to ask, "Did he go there?" Or how about, "Did they take any?"

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

13 August 2018

13/08/18

It would be :

Y est-il allé? = Did he go there?

En ont-ils pris? = Did they take any?

Y en a-t-il? = Is/are there any?

Hope this helps!

Dale

Kwiziq community member

13 August 2018

13/08/18

Merci pour votre réponse rapide.

Cathy

Kwiziq community member

28 February 2018

5 replies

Reason for sentence construction with faire

Chris

Kwiziq community member

1 March 2018

1/03/18

Please post an example sentence for me to know what exactly you are asking.

-- Chris.

Cathy

Kwiziq community member

1 March 2018

1/03/18

I did, but it didn't show up, will try again.  Nonetheless, thanks for your prompt response.

Cathy

Kwiziq community member

1 March 2018

1/03/18

In the following example, I am having difficulty understanding why the reflexive is used: 

Où ta mère et toi vous faites-vous les ongles? 

Is it because of using the stress pronoun at the beginning of the sentence? 

Thanks again.

Chris

Kwiziq community member

6 March 2018

6/03/18

Hi Cathy,

Sorry for the late reply, I must have missed your post somehow.

Faire is sometimes used in a reflexive construction such as:

Je me fais faire les ongles. -- I am having my nails done.
Ils se sont faits agrandir la salle. -- They had the living room enlarged.

In these reflexive constructions (se faire + infinitive) the role of the subject is always a more passive one. One is having something done rather than doing it onself. Another example:

Je m'aide moi-même. -- I help myself.
Je me fais aider. -- I let myself being helped.

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Cathy

Kwiziq community member

6 March 2018

6/03/18

Thanks so much Chris! I really appreciate your contribution to the many discussions on this forum.
Getting that for you now.