Aller + infinitive = to be going to (Le Futur Proche)

You already know that in some cases, we can use Le Présent to express immediate/near future actions in the Continuous Present in English (I'm coming soon) - see Using Le Présent for immediate/near future actions.

However, what we call the Near Future in English (or Futur Proche in French) is actually the following construction: to be going to + [infinitive] 
= I'm going to come
.


Look at these examples of how to form Le Futur Proche in French:

Je vais aller au cinéma.
I'm going to go to the cinema.

Tu vas lire
You're going to read

Vous allez étudier.
You're going to study.

On va faire quoi, demain?
What are we going to do tomorrow?

Nous allons manger des pâtes.
We're going to eat pasta.

Ils vont tomber.
They're going to fall.

Notice that Le Futur Proche, which expresses actions in the near future (= I'm going to [do something]), follows this pattern:

Aller in Le Présent + [infinitive of the verb]

See also Conjugate aller in Le Présent (present tense)

And Conjugate reflexive verbs in Le Futur Proche (aller + infinitive)  
Position of negation with two verbs (conjugated + infinitive) 

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Nous allons manger des pâtes.
We're going to eat pasta.


On va faire quoi, demain?
What are we going to do tomorrow?


Tu vas lire
You're going to read


Vous allez étudier.
You're going to study.


Je vais aller au cinéma.
I'm going to go to the cinema.



Ils vont tomber.
They're going to fall.


Q&A Forum 7 questions, 11 answers

LizA2

Question in quiz: Où est-ce que vous allez dîner ? I wrote le dìner. Why wrong? Thanks.

Asked 4 weeks ago
ChrisC1Correct answer

In the above sentence dîner is a verb: Where are you going to dine?

Question in quiz: Où est-ce que vous allez dîner ? I wrote le dìner. Why wrong? Thanks.

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LizA2

In a quiz, I wrote: Sarah et moi va voir un ami ... I had written allons voir, but changed it to use the conjugation for on...va. Why wrong?

Asked 4 weeks ago
ChrisC1Correct answer

Sarah et moi = nous, hence allons. In this case the implied pronoun is never on, always nous. If you wanted to use on, you'd have to be explicit: Sara et moi, on va voir un ami.

In a quiz, I wrote: Sarah et moi va voir un ami ... I had written allons voir, but changed it to use the conjugation for on...va. Why wrong?

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Are there any specifications in futur proche.

Are there any specifications in futur proche. For example, in passé compose when conjugated with être, if the sujet is feminin then we have to add an “e” to the passé form of the verb

Asked 5 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Amal,

The futur proche is composed of the verb 'aller' in the present tense (so no past participle to agree) and the following verb in the infinitive , so just as in English -

I am going to do , we are going to sing, they are going to eat etc...

Je vais aller faire, nous allons chanter, ils vont manger...

Hope this helps!

Are there any specifications in futur proche.

Are there any specifications in futur proche. For example, in passé compose when conjugated with être, if the sujet is feminin then we have to add an “e” to the passé form of the verb

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Is there a way to see what my answers were to see where I went wrong?

Asked 2 years ago
RonC1
Oui, click on your dashboard and scroll downward. Your most recent tests taken are on the lower left just below your «studyplan»
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Stéphanie ! When you look at your Correction board, after taking a test, your answer is indicated by a symbol in the "You" column next to the answers. I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

Is there a way to see what my answers were to see where I went wrong?

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bonjour

Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Susan ! Quelle est votre question ?

bonjour

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Bonjour! Why do we say manger des pâtes when pasta is not countable? Martha

Asked 2 years ago
LauraKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Martha, Because pâtes is countable in French. Think of it as the equivalent of "noodles." :-)
Umm, then if I can say one noodle, two noodles, etc. it IS countable, like chocolates in my pocket. But if I say "do you want some chocolate" wouldn't it be "voulez-vous du chocolate"? But I don't see how a plate of spaghetti is countable in a practical sense.
Don't you say a bowl of noodleS? So why not a plate of pâteS in french?

Bonjour! Why do we say manger des pâtes when pasta is not countable? Martha

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RodA2

Peut-on dire, par exemple, « nous allons aller continuer apprendre chanter »?

i.e., stringing as many as four (or more??) infinitives together...
Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Rod ! Here you need to be aware that some verbs are always followed by prepositions: so "je vais + infinitive", but "continuer à + infinitive" and "apprendre à + infinitive". Also "nous allons aller" sounds very redundant here. Therefore, the correct sentence would be: "Nous allons continuer à apprendre à chanter." A bientôt !
RodA2
Bonjour Aurélie, A great reminder about the prepositions being REQUIRED with certain verbs, even in the infinitive. So very clarifying, and therefore so very helpful. Je te remercie!

Peut-on dire, par exemple, « nous allons aller continuer apprendre chanter »?

i.e., stringing as many as four (or more??) infinitives together...

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Getting that for you now.