Aller + infinitive = to be going to (Le Futur Proche)

You already know that in some cases, we can use Présent indicatif to express immediate/near future actions in the Continuous Present in English (I'm coming soon) - see Using Le Présent for immediate/near future actions.

However, what we call the Near Future in English (or Futur Proche in French) is actually the following construction: to be going to + [infinitive] 
= I'm going to eat / They're going to learn
.

Look at these examples of how to form Futur proche in French:

Je vais aller au cinéma.I'm going to go to the cinema.

Tu vas lireYou're going to read

Vous allez étudier.You're going to study.

On va faire quoi, demain?What are we going to do tomorrow?

Nous allons manger des pâtes.We're going to eat pasta.

Ils vont tomber.They're going to fall.

Notice that Futur prochewhich expresses actions in the near future (= I'm going to [do something]), follows this pattern:

Aller in Le Présent + [infinitive of the verb]
See also Conjugate aller in Le Présent (present tense)

And Conjugate reflexive verbs in Le Futur Proche (aller + infinitive)  
Position of negation with two verbs (conjugated + infinitive) 

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Nous allons manger des pâtes.We're going to eat pasta.
On va faire quoi, demain?What are we going to do tomorrow?
Tu vas lireYou're going to read
Vous allez étudier.You're going to study.
Je vais aller au cinéma.I'm going to go to the cinema.
Ils vont tomber.They're going to fall.

Q&A Forum 12 questions, 20 answers

PeterA2Kwiziq community member

aller & infinitive

hello.  i think this is very misleading of you again with regard to aller plus infinitive..

you ask :  how to translate : he is going to sell his motorbike.

i would naturally want to use aller. so, il va vendre 

but then you write [ to sell ] 'vendre' in le Futur Proche.   strongly suggesting you want us to use the future tense of vendre.

but no, the answer you give is il va vendre, not the future tense of vendre but the future tense of aller.

this is very confusing.

Asked 2 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Peter,

I think I understand your confusion.

In French (as in English) you can express the future by a near future ( futur proche) by saying you are going to do something or by a proper future ( future) by saying you will do something.

The first one uses :

aller + infinitif

Je vais prendre ma voiture = I am going to take my car 

Nous allons acheter du pain = We are going to buy some bread 

The verb aller (to go) is in the present tense and the second verb is in the infinitive 

So, 'vendre' in the futur proche is, 'il va vendre', in this example.

If you used the futur of vendre it would be, 'il vendra'. 

Il vendra sa moto l'année prochaine= He will sell his motorbike next year

You might not have seen this tense yet, but here is a basic Kwiziq lesson on it -

https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/revision/glossary/verb-tense-mood/the-french-future-tense-le-futur-simple

I hope this clarifies matters!

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

I think Peter is pointing out that the hint may be misleading.

The future proche of vendre in 3rd person singular is: il va vendre. So, really, you ARE putting the verb vendre in the tense of future proche. Just that the way it is constructed uses aller + infinitive of vendre.

aller & infinitive

hello.  i think this is very misleading of you again with regard to aller plus infinitive..

you ask :  how to translate : he is going to sell his motorbike.

i would naturally want to use aller. so, il va vendre 

but then you write [ to sell ] 'vendre' in le Futur Proche.   strongly suggesting you want us to use the future tense of vendre.

but no, the answer you give is il va vendre, not the future tense of vendre but the future tense of aller.

this is very confusing.

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PeterA2Kwiziq community member

ist kwiz

is this correct - when you say to use the future of to drive.   surely it is the infinitive ?

Asked 2 months ago
GruffKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Peter, I think you're referring to the hint in one of the Kwiz questions for this lesson? 

The hint is "Conjugate conduire (to drive) in Le Futur Proche", not "use the future of to drive". Does that clear things up?

PeterA2Kwiziq community member

hi. thanks for coming back.

but in english does not conjugate conduire in the future mean the same asuse the future of conduire ?!

sorry, bit confused, Peter

GruffKwiziq team member

Hi Peter, 

"Le Futur Proche" is a specific form of future tense which uses present tense conjugation of aller + infinitive of a verb. We call this the "near future" in English (although it's a misleading name in both languages as we use also this form to describe far off events e.g. I'm going to go to America after I graduate in 2025).

In Kwiziq's hints, if a "tense" is named specifically like this, then it's telling you exactly which form KwizBot wants to test you on. 

Past, Present and Future tense categories have multiple "tense-mood-aspect" forms within them. You're probably thinking "the future" is simply "Le Futur" but to distinguish the near future form from the simple future, we will call the latter "Le Futur Simple" or "Le Futur" but if you see "Le Futur Proche" then it means this specific form.

Hope that helps!

ist kwiz

is this correct - when you say to use the future of to drive.   surely it is the infinitive ?

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StephenB2Kwiziq community member

Answer not discussed in lesson

See below.   The use of être plus the past participle should be discussed/explained...just say'n :))Non ! Je ________ dévoré par les morts vivants !No! I'm going to be devoured by the living dead!HINT: Conjugate être (to be) in Le Futur Prochevais être
Asked 2 months ago

Answer not discussed in lesson

See below.   The use of être plus the past participle should be discussed/explained...just say'n :))Non ! Je ________ dévoré par les morts vivants !No! I'm going to be devoured by the living dead!HINT: Conjugate être (to be) in Le Futur Prochevais être

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SophieB1Kwiziq community member

He is selling his motorbike' question/

This idea also exists in English ie 'He's selling his motorbike' can mean is is actually in the act of selling it in the present moment OR it can mean that he intends to sell it in the future. 

Asked 4 months ago

He is selling his motorbike' question/

This idea also exists in English ie 'He's selling his motorbike' can mean is is actually in the act of selling it in the present moment OR it can mean that he intends to sell it in the future. 

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OliviaA1Kwiziq community member

Can one use 2 forms of aller?

Bonjour, just to clarify, it is correct to use conjugated aller + infinitive aller? 

Example:  Je vais aller au cinéma. This is correct?

Asked 6 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Olivia,

Yes you can say -

Je vais aller au cinéma I am going to go to the cinema

 

CarolA2Kwiziq community member

Oui

Can one use 2 forms of aller?

Bonjour, just to clarify, it is correct to use conjugated aller + infinitive aller? 

Example:  Je vais aller au cinéma. This is correct?

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LizC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Question in quiz: Où est-ce que vous allez dîner ? I wrote le dìner. Why wrong? Thanks.

Asked 9 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

In the above sentence dîner is a verb: Where are you going to dine?

CarolA2Kwiziq community member

le diner is a noun

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Yes, Carol, le dîner is a noun and dîner is a verb.

Où est-ce que vous allez dîner. -- Where are you going to dine?
Nous allons prendre le dîner chez nous. -- We are going to have dinner at home.

Question in quiz: Où est-ce que vous allez dîner ? I wrote le dìner. Why wrong? Thanks.

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LizC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

In a quiz, I wrote: Sarah et moi va voir un ami ... I had written allons voir, but changed it to use the conjugation for on...va. Why wrong?

Asked 9 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Sarah et moi = nous, hence allons. In this case the implied pronoun is never on, always nous. If you wanted to use on, you'd have to be explicit: Sara et moi, on va voir un ami.

In a quiz, I wrote: Sarah et moi va voir un ami ... I had written allons voir, but changed it to use the conjugation for on...va. Why wrong?

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AmalA0Kwiziq community member

Are there any specifications in futur proche.

Are there any specifications in futur proche. For example, in passé compose when conjugated with être, if the sujet is feminin then we have to add an “e” to the passé form of the verb

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Amal,

The futur proche is composed of the verb 'aller' in the present tense (so no past participle to agree) and the following verb in the infinitive , so just as in English -

I am going to do , we are going to sing, they are going to eat etc...

Je vais aller faire, nous allons chanter, ils vont manger...

Hope this helps!

Are there any specifications in futur proche.

Are there any specifications in futur proche. For example, in passé compose when conjugated with être, if the sujet is feminin then we have to add an “e” to the passé form of the verb

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StephanieB2Kwiziq community member

Is there a way to see what my answers were to see where I went wrong?

Asked 2 years ago
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Oui, click on your dashboard and scroll downward. Your most recent tests taken are on the lower left just below your «studyplan»
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Stéphanie ! When you look at your Correction board, after taking a test, your answer is indicated by a symbol in the "You" column next to the answers. I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

Is there a way to see what my answers were to see where I went wrong?

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SusanA1Kwiziq community member

bonjour

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Susan ! Quelle est votre question ?

bonjour

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MarthaB2Kwiziq community member

Bonjour! Why do we say manger des pâtes when pasta is not countable? Martha

Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member
Bonjour Martha, Because pâtes is countable in French. Think of it as the equivalent of "noodles." :-)
TeresaA1Kwiziq community member
Umm, then if I can say one noodle, two noodles, etc. it IS countable, like chocolates in my pocket. But if I say "do you want some chocolate" wouldn't it be "voulez-vous du chocolate"? But I don't see how a plate of spaghetti is countable in a practical sense.
DzoanB1Kwiziq community member
Don't you say a bowl of noodleS? So why not a plate of pâteS in french?

Bonjour! Why do we say manger des pâtes when pasta is not countable? Martha

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RodA2Kwiziq community member

Peut-on dire, par exemple, « nous allons aller continuer apprendre chanter »?

i.e., stringing as many as four (or more??) infinitives together...
Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Rod ! Here you need to be aware that some verbs are always followed by prepositions: so "je vais + infinitive", but "continuer à + infinitive" and "apprendre à + infinitive". Also "nous allons aller" sounds very redundant here. Therefore, the correct sentence would be: "Nous allons continuer à apprendre à chanter." A bientôt !
RodA2Kwiziq community member
Bonjour Aurélie, A great reminder about the prepositions being REQUIRED with certain verbs, even in the infinitive. So very clarifying, and therefore so very helpful. Je te remercie!

Peut-on dire, par exemple, « nous allons aller continuer apprendre chanter »?

i.e., stringing as many as four (or more??) infinitives together...

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