Conjugate avoir in Le Présent (present tense)

The verb avoir (to have) is irregular (it doesn't follow the same conjugation rules as other verbs ending in -oir).

It conjugates like this in Le Présent:

j' ai
tu as
il/elle/on  a
nous avons
vous avez
ils/elles ont


Have a listen to these examples:

J'ai un chien.I have a dog.

Tu as une sœur.You have a sister.

Il a les yeux bleus.He has blue eyes.

Nous avons deux chats.We have two cats.

Vous avez les mêmes yeux.You have the same eyes.

Ils ont un bébé.They have a baby.
 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tu as une sœur.You have a sister.
Il a les yeux bleus.He has blue eyes.
J'ai un chien.I have a dog.
Ils ont un bébé.They have a baby.
Nous avons deux chats.We have two cats.
Vous avez les mêmes yeux.You have the same eyes.
Elle a une souris.She has a mouse.

Q&A Forum 15 questions, 27 answers

JanetA0Kwiziq community member

audio problems on this page

the audio for the following phrase is faster than normal. its literally 2x the speed Vous avez les mêmes yeux.

You have the same eyes.
Asked 6 days ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Janet,

 I have changed the recording, let me know what you think.

Thank you for pointing this out!

audio problems on this page

the audio for the following phrase is faster than normal. its literally 2x the speed Vous avez les mêmes yeux.

You have the same eyes.

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

JoseA0Kwiziq community member

I need clarification?

So instead of using Je I have to use J'ai ? Am I understanding this correctly?

Asked 4 months ago
ShreyA1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Bonjour Jose !

You have understood correctly. 

This is a case of elision done as there were two vowels coming simultaneously. 

Hence J’ai = I have (not Je ai)

Hope this helps !

HooshangA1Kwiziq community member

Hi

Sure you are right, because of two vowels.

HooshangA1Kwiziq community member

Hi

Sure you are right, because of two vowels.

I need clarification?

So instead of using Je I have to use J'ai ? Am I understanding this correctly?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

PeggieA1Kwiziq community member

rendez vous

Why does J'ai rendez-vous not have an article

Asked 8 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Peggie, 

As Tom rightly said :

Avoir (un) rendez-vous is to have an appointment

with or without the article.

It is the same for, to make an appointment -

Prendre (un) rendez-vous 

Je vais prendre (un) rendez-vous chez le coiffeurI am going to make an appointment at the hairdresser's 

Hope this helps!

TomC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Hi Peggie,

It is possible to use an article with "rendez-vous"

(i) J'ai un rendez-vous (chez, à, avec etc)

(ii) J'ai rendez-vous (chez, à, avec etc)

The only difference that I can think of between them is that (i) can stand alone - J'ai un rendez-vous. whereas (ii) might require qualification  J'ai rendez-vous chez le médicin

Perhaps a native speaker could elaborate.

rendez vous

Why does J'ai rendez-vous not have an article

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

AntonyA1Kwiziq community member

Bonjour tout le monde

Asked 11 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Salut!

Bonjour tout le monde

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

AlineA1Kwiziq community member

Est ce que cette classe est A-1?

Asked 11 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Yes. Why do you ask?

Est ce que cette classe est A-1?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

JohnA1Kwiziq community member

Que est qu’il dit?

Que est qu’il voudrait saviors?

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq team member

Sorry John, what is your question?

Que est qu’il dit?

Que est qu’il voudrait saviors?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

WilliamA1Kwiziq community member

avons nous plusieurs appartments?

Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq team member

Hi William,

Do you have a question?

avons nous plusieurs appartments?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Kelly A1Kwiziq community member

Demonstrative

Asked 2 years ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

You need to form comprehensible questions. I don't know what you're asking. 

-- Chris. 

Kelly asked:View original

Demonstrative

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Kyaw A2Kwiziq community member

Bonjour.

Which conjugated verb will a proper noun take? How about common nouns? Is there any difference in singularity and plurality of the verbs as in English?
Asked 2 years ago
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Bonjour Kyaw, a proper noun, i.e. a person's name, will use the third person singular. Let's look at some examples: J'ai un chien. I have a dog. So if we want to state that Jean has a dog, then the phrase becomes «Jean a un chien» Nous avons deux chats. We have two cats. In speaking about my family, to use a common noun, Ma famille a deux chats or Nous avons deux chats. or how about «the house has a roof» la maison a un toit. Elle a une souris. She has a mouse. In these examples, except for nous, they all use the third person singular. With nous it takes the first person plural, nous avons. I hope this helps, Bonne chance, Ron
Kyaw A2Kwiziq community member
Merci prof. It helps. So if the subject is plural proper nouns such as John et Alice or plural common nouns such as La maisons, which verbs can we use to be compatable with.
Kyaw A2Kwiziq community member
Do they use third person plural?

Bonjour.

Which conjugated verb will a proper noun take? How about common nouns? Is there any difference in singularity and plurality of the verbs as in English?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

CandaceA1Kwiziq community member

Bonjour. Also, do I have body parts or own them?

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Candace ! Well, in French, you will use "avoir [un bras / une bouche / ... ]", and in English I would use "to have" as well. Does this answer your question?
CandaceA1Kwiziq community member
Oui. Merci.
MaxA0Kwiziq community member
Bonsoir! That's interesting, Aurélie. I'm Brazilian, and in Portuguese (which also comes from latin) we have a similar construction. We can say "nós" (= French's "nous") which takes a plural verb, or we can say "a gente", which has the same meaning as "nós", but takes a singular verb, just as "on" does in French.

Bonjour. Also, do I have body parts or own them?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

CandaceA1Kwiziq community member

Bonjour. Is it possible to use On? Would I conjugate on a or on avons? Merci.

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Candace ! Yes, of course, "on" is actually more common in speech than "nous". You conjugate verbs with it as you do "il/elle", so it will be "on a". I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !
CandaceA1Kwiziq community member
La réponse m'aide. Merci.

Bonjour. Is it possible to use On? Would I conjugate on a or on avons? Merci.

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

ZsuzsannaA1Kwiziq community member

Bonjour! Nous avons deux chiens et un cheval. :)

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
C'est super ! Moi, je n'ai pas d'animal familier.
ZsuzsannaA1Kwiziq community member
Pourquoi vous n'avez pas d'animal familier? :)
AurélieKwiziq team member
J'habite dans un petit appartement en plein centre-ville, et pour être honnête, je n'ai pas vraiment envie :)

Bonjour! Nous avons deux chiens et un cheval. :)

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

AmanyA0Kwiziq community member

J'ai une chienne

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Super Amany ! Comment s'appelle-t-elle ?

J'ai une chienne

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

CharlesA1Kwiziq community member

T'as

Actually I saw people using 't'as' in sitcoms, and I guessed it should be 'tu as'. Do we get to use that once we are more advanced? It's an informal expression, right?
Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Charles ! That's an interesting question: indeed, "t'as" is the contraction of "tu as" (you have), just like "t'es" is the contraction of "tu es" (you are). It's extremely commonly used in speech: I mean, everyone says "t'as" and "t'es"! However, unlike in English where "you're" or "I'm" are perfectly acceptable written forms, in French you are not supposed to write the contracted forms, only "tu as" or "tu es". I hope that answers your question!

T'as

Actually I saw people using 't'as' in sitcoms, and I guessed it should be 'tu as'. Do we get to use that once we are more advanced? It's an informal expression, right?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

LisaA0Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Why do you contract je ai to j'ai but leave tu as and not t'as ?

It seems like tu never contracts with the following verb. Are there other words that end in vowels but never contract with the next word ?
Asked 4 years ago
LisaA0Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Is it perhaps because the French u followed by a doesn't have a glottal stop in the same way that French e followed by a has?
LauraKwiziq team member

Bonjour Lisa,

In grammatically correct French, E is the only vowel that contracts. So je, me, te, le, etc all contract, but tu, qui, etc do not.

The only exceptions are la and si, but the latter only when it means "if" and only in front of il and ils.

LisaA0Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Oh, that is interesting. I don't think I've seen that pointed out anywhere. Merci.

Why do you contract je ai to j'ai but leave tu as and not t'as ?

It seems like tu never contracts with the following verb. Are there other words that end in vowels but never contract with the next word ?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Find your French level for FREE

Test your French to the CEFR standard

Find your French level

Why not share the love?!

Let me take a look at that...