Conjugate devoir in Le Présent (present tense)

The verb "devoir" ('must / have to') is irregular in Le Présent:

 

je dois I must
tu dois You must (one person you know well)
il/elle/on doit He/She/We/one/people must
   
nous devons We must
vous devez You must (more than 1 person or formal)
ils/elles doivent They must

 

Listen to those examples:

Je dois aller au travail.
I must go to work.

Tu dois faire la vaisselle d'abord.
You must do the dishes first.

Elle doit faire ses devoirs.
She must do her homework.

Nous devons nous dépêcher, nous sommes déjà en retard.
We must hurry, we're already late.

Vous devez partir maintenant?
Must you leave now?

Ils doivent économiser de l'argent.
They must save money.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tu dois faire la vaisselle d'abord.
You must do the dishes first.


Je dois aller au travail.
I must go to work.


Nous devons nous dépêcher, nous sommes déjà en retard.
We must hurry, we're already late.


Elle doit faire ses devoirs.
She must do her homework.



Ils doivent économiser de l'argent.
They must save money.


Vous devez partir maintenant?
Must you leave now?


Q&A Forum 2 questions, 2 answers

William C1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Is avoir à a possible alternative to devoir?

Can avoir à ever be used instead of devoir? For example j'ai à vous remercier instead of je dois vous remercier.
Asked 1 year ago
CécileKwiziq team member

Hi David,

Answered your question in another post.

Is avoir à a possible alternative to devoir?

Can avoir à ever be used instead of devoir? For example j'ai à vous remercier instead of je dois vous remercier.

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JulieC1Kwiziq community member

How do you choose when to use devoir instead of il faut?

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Julie ! That's a very good question! The fact is that in practice, "devoir" and "il faut" are perfectly interchangeable :) The only nuance would be that "il faut" being an impersonal structure, you would maybe prefer "devoir" to emphasise WHO "must act". Il faut courir. (One/You/We must run.) Il doit courir. (He must run.) I hope that's helpful!

How do you choose when to use devoir instead of il faut?

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