Conjugate devoir in the French pluperfect tense (Le Plus-que-Parfait)

Le Plus-que-Parfait in French is the direct equivalent of the pluperfect in English. It could be described as "the past of the past":

After I had had to do my homework, I went for a walk.

Of course, English speakers are likely to make contractions: 

After I'd had to do my homework, I went for a walk.


Learn how to conjugate devoir in Le Plus-que-Parfait in French

J'avais en racheter un nouveau après que Patrick avait cassé le mien.I'd had to buy a new one after Patrick had broken mine.

Tu avais  le licencier finalement.You'd had to let him go in the end.

Si elle avait le faire, vous auriez eu des problèmes.If she'd had to do it, you would have been in trouble.

Nous avions nettoyer la maison avant que mes parents ne vissent le désordre.We'd had to clean the house before my parents saw the mess.

Si vous aviez , l'auriez-vous fait?If you'd had to, would you have done it?

Elles avaient  repasser l'examen, après qu'elles avaient échoué les trois premières fois!They'd had to take the exam again, after they'd failed the first three times!

Note that devoir in the French pluperfect (Le Plus-que-Parfaitfollows this construction:

Verb avoir in the imperfect tense (L'Imparfait) + dû (past participle of devoir)

Reminder of how to conjugate avoir in L'Imparfait

j'avais
tu avais
il avait
nous avions
vous aviez
ils avaient
 

Want to make sure your French sounds confident? We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

J'avais en racheter un nouveau après que Patrick avait cassé le mien.I'd had to buy a new one after Patrick had broken mine.
Si elle avait le faire, vous auriez eu des problèmes.If she'd had to do it, you would have been in trouble.
Nous avions nettoyer la maison avant que mes parents ne vissent le désordre.We'd had to clean the house before my parents saw the mess.
Elles avaient  repasser l'examen, après qu'elles avaient échoué les trois premières fois!They'd had to take the exam again, after they'd failed the first three times!
Si vous aviez , l'auriez-vous fait?If you'd had to, would you have done it?
Tu avais  le licencier finalement.You'd had to let him go in the end.
Clever stuff happening!