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Conjugate battre and derivatives (+avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

In Passé composé, the verb battre (to beat) and its derivatives* have an irregular past participle: -battu.

BATTRE  (to beat)

j'

ai battu

tu

as battu

il / elle / on     

a battu

nous

avons batt

vous

avez battu

ils/elles

ont battu

Here's the pattern to conjugate battre in Passé composé :

avoir in Présent indicatif + battu

Here are some examples:

J'ai battu Marc aux échecs hier.I beat Marc at chess yesterday.

As-tu enfin battu son score ?Did you finally beat her score?

Elle a battu les œufs avant d'ajouter la farine.She beat the eggs before adding the flour.

Nous avons battu l'autre équipe à la loyale !We beat the other team fair and square!

Vous avez battu tous les records l'année dernière.You beat all the records last year.

Les Chicago Bears ont battu les Buffalo Bills.The Chicago Bears defeated the Buffalo Bills.

Note that with avoir as an auxiliary, past participles never agree with the subject of the verb:

Il a battu les cartes.He shuffled the cards.

Elle a battu les cartes.She shuffled the cards.

*These derivatives follow the same pattern as battre:

abattre (to bring/cut/shoot down ) -> abattu
rabattre (to fold down)  -> rabattu
débattre (to debate, to discuss)  -> débattu
combattre (to fight)  -> combattu

Here are more examples:

Le weekend dernier, j'ai abattu l'arbre derrière notre maison.Last weekend, I cut down the tree behind our house.

Tu as rabattu ton col.You folded down your collar.

La France a combattu aux côtés des États-Unis pendant la Guerre d'Indépendance.France fought alongside America during the War of Independence.

Nous avons combattu cette décision jusqu'au bout.We fought that decision til the end.

Vous avez abattu la victime de sang froid.You shot down the victim in cold blood.

Ils ont débattu toute la nuit.They debated all night long.

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Les Chicago Bears ont battu les Buffalo Bills.The Chicago Bears defeated the Buffalo Bills.
J'ai battu Marc aux échecs hier.I beat Marc at chess yesterday.
Tu as rabattu ton col.You folded down your collar.
Vous avez battu tous les records l'année dernière.You beat all the records last year.
Vous avez abattu la victime de sang froid.You shot down the victim in cold blood.
Le weekend dernier, j'ai abattu l'arbre derrière notre maison.Last weekend, I cut down the tree behind our house.
Nous avons battu l'autre équipe à la loyale !We beat the other team fair and square!
Ils ont débattu toute la nuit.They debated all night long.
Elle a battu les cartes.She shuffled the cards.
Elle a battu les œufs avant d'ajouter la farine.She beat the eggs before adding the flour.
Nous avons combattu cette décision jusqu'au bout.We fought that decision til the end.
Il a battu les cartes.He shuffled the cards.
As-tu enfin battu son score ?Did you finally beat her score?
La France a combattu aux côtés des États-Unis pendant la Guerre d'Indépendance.France fought alongside America during the War of Independence.

Q&A Forum 2 questions, 4 answers

RobertC1Kwiziq community member

Does -battu really have an irregular past participle

This lesson has me scratching my head with the simple question - why is it here? One of the very few things I remember from O level french (failed) was that regular past participles form ER>é, IR>i and RE>u so to my way of thinking battre follows the regular rule. Maybe this is because french is taught differently in France than it was in England 40 years ago, I remember reading somewhere that the french don't have the same concept of group 3 (-RE) verbs but have several smaller groups including -DRE.

Asked 1 month ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi 

I have checked and the verb 'battre' and its derivatives stand on its own for conjugation purposes, hence the separate lesson.

Hope this helps!

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

The past participle of battre really is battu. Whatever rule says otherwise is simply wrong in this case.

AlanC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Robert isn't arguing about that, Chris. He's just questioning why it needs a separate lesson when it follows the normal pattern for -RE verbs. Battre is irregular in the present tense (je bats not je batts), but it's regular in the passé composé. It seems that English-speaking grammar books classify verbs a bit differently from French (-RE instead of -DRE), but even English grammar books will list battre as irregular.

https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/my-languages/french/glossary/42

Does -battu really have an irregular past participle

This lesson has me scratching my head with the simple question - why is it here? One of the very few things I remember from O level french (failed) was that regular past participles form ER>é, IR>i and RE>u so to my way of thinking battre follows the regular rule. Maybe this is because french is taught differently in France than it was in England 40 years ago, I remember reading somewhere that the french don't have the same concept of group 3 (-RE) verbs but have several smaller groups including -DRE.

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RonB2Kwiziq community member

abattre does it imply shooting ?

An example  is : Vous avez abattu la victime de sang froid with the translation : You shot down the victim in cold blood. Does abattre imply shooting, or would attacked,assaulted,slaughtered or killed be correct ?  

Asked 4 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Ron,

This is an interesting point as, abattre quelqu'un can be translated as to shoot down particularly when the police are involved.

I probably would have used 'killed' in this case as we don't know the method...

abattre does it imply shooting ?

An example  is : Vous avez abattu la victime de sang froid with the translation : You shot down the victim in cold blood. Does abattre imply shooting, or would attacked,assaulted,slaughtered or killed be correct ?  

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