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Conjugate avoir in Le Subjonctif Présent (subjunctive mood)

The verb AVOIR is irregular in the Subjonctif Présent:

 

que j'aie that I have
que tu aies that you have
qu'il/elle/on ait that he/she/one has
que nous ayons that we have
que vous ayez that you have
qu'ils/elles aient that they have

Note that:

- The il/elle/on form's ending doesn't match the expected Subjonctif Présent ending (-e): il ait

- The root ai- becomes ay- in the nous and vous form.

  

Look at these examples:  

Elle veut que j'aie de bonnes notes.
She wants me to have good marks.

 

Il faut que tu aies du courage.
You must be brave.

 

Je veux qu'elle ait tout ce qu'elle désire.
I want her to have everything she desires.

 

Il faut que nous ayons des repas équilibrés.
We must have balanced meals.

 

Je veux que vous ayez tous votre exam.
I want you all to pass your exam.

 

Il faut qu'ils aient leur permis de conduire.
They must get their driving licence.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Il faut que nous ayons des repas équilibrés.
We must have balanced meals.


Je veux qu'elle ait tout ce qu'elle désire.
I want her to have everything she desires.



Il faut que tu aies du courage.
You must be brave.


Il faut qu'ils aient leur permis de conduire.
They must get their driving licence.


Elle veut que j'aie de bonnes notes.
She wants me to have good marks.


Je veux que vous ayez tous votre exam.
I want you all to pass your exam.


Q&A

Johannes

Kwiziq community member

27 April 2017

2 replies

Pronunciation

I am unsire about the pronunciation of several forms of "avoir". Sometimes [a] dominates and sometimes [e], for example "que j'aie" is [kəʒe] but "avoir" is [avwaʁ]. How is "que nous ayons" pronounced?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

28 April 2017

28/04/17

Bonjour Johannes !

In "aie", you have the phoneme "ai" which is pronounced [e] in French :)

The word "ayons" is a bit trickier indeed:
In French, when a "y" is used between two vowels, it's going to be *counted twice*:
- first as a vowel, similar to an "i", after the "a", creating the sound "ai" [e]
- then as a consonant before "ons", producing the sound [j] (ye)

So "ayons" is pronounced [ejɔ̃] :)

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Johannes

Kwiziq community member

29 April 2017

29/04/17

Dear Aurélie
Very much appreciated. Thanks a lot!
Johannes

Lisa

Kwiziq community member

21 April 2017

1 reply

avoir un exam?

Is "avoir un exam" an idiom for passing an exam? Just wondering about the translation for one of the example sentences. I was thinking to pass the exam might be more like "Je veux que vous reussissiez tous votre examen?" and that the sentence above using avoir is referring to all taking or having exams? Merci pour l'aide !

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

21 April 2017

21/04/17

Salut Lisa,

Yes, "avoir un examen" is more likely to be understood as meaning "to pass an exam" than "to take an exam". There's more about that in these lessons:
https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/revision/grammar/how-to-say-to-pass-an-exam-with-avoir-un-exam

https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/revision/grammar/to-pass-an-exam-versus-passer-un-examen

In the case of exams, I find it more intuitive to think of "avoir" meaning "to get" rather than "to have", and the exam as a credential or certificate.

Hope that helps!
Let me take a look at that...