Avoir chaud / froid = To be hot / cold

Look at these cases:

J'ai chaud. 
I'm hot.


informal:

Tu as froid?
Are you cold?

 

The verb avoir (to have) is used to express being cold and hot (and not être / to be as in English), effectively "I have hot"!

Note that even if the person is female, the masculine adjective chaud is used, not chaude :
you cannot say J'ai chaude.

 

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources


Tu as froid?
Are you cold?


J'ai chaud. 
I'm hot.


Vous avez froid
You are cold



Q&A Forum 13 questions, 23 answers

Question about the usage of froid

(1) If the person is female, we still use froid instead of froide? For example, Elle a froid?

(2) How about plural female pronoun like "elles"? Which one of the following is correct: a) Elles ont froid? or b) Elles ont froides?

Merci!

Asked 5 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi  Luchen,

It will remain as ‘froid’ or ‘chaud’ as the expression is -

Avoir froid/ chaud .

J’ai froid , elle a froid, nous avons froid, elles ont froid  or chaud...

You only agree froid or chaud ( adjectives) when they are  linked to nouns as in -

L’ eau  chaude ou froide

Hope this helps!

The French expression literally means: I have cold. So froid is a noun.

Oui, merci

Is it because both chaud and froid are masculine nouns, so no matter which subjective pronoun it is, the chaud and froid always stay "chaud" and "froid"?

merci

Question about the usage of froid

(1) If the person is female, we still use froid instead of froide? For example, Elle a froid?

(2) How about plural female pronoun like "elles"? Which one of the following is correct: a) Elles ont froid? or b) Elles ont froides?

Merci!

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Correct?? Or no ?

Nous avons froid/ ils ont froid/ elle a froid????

Asked 5 months ago
ChrisC1Correct answer

Correct!

Merci.

Correct?? Or no ?

Nous avons froid/ ils ont froid/ elle a froid????

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How do u say “Are you cold” formaly?

Asked 6 months ago
SteveB2Correct answer
Avez-vous froid ?

How do u say “Are you cold” formaly?

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I gave an answer to, How would you say, "You are cold."? Tu ....I responded with, "as froid" and it was marked incorrect. Please advise.

Asked 7 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super star

Hi Michael,

Could you give the context please?

I gave an answer to, How would you say, "You are cold."? Tu ....I responded with, "as froid" and it was marked incorrect. Please advise.

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I was answering the question in a test...

Asked 7 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super star
answered

I was answering the question in a test...

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When do you use chaude

Asked 8 months ago
When you want to say that you're hot. Was the lesson not clear on this point or did your question aim in a different direction?

The lesson is very clear that you don't use chaude to say that you're hot. But you can use it to describe other feminine things that are hot:

l'eau chaude

I think everything is cery clearly laid out in the lesson. You use the male form exclusively to say that you feel hot and you use the female form for female nouns that are hot.

Anne, tu as chaud ? -- Anne are you cold?
J'aime l'infusion chaude. -- I like hot herbal tea.

I guess the question concerned the female form only?

No time because there is no feminin word for  'hot"

When do you use chaude

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In English, we say, “l feel hot, not I’m hot”. When we say, I’m hot, it means I’m sexy. Right?

Asked 11 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Jinju,

As Chris says it all depends on context but I can only think of one expression in French when 'chaud' would have sexual connotations - 

Cet homme est un chaud lapin! 

I'll let you look for a translation ...

 

Hi Jinju,

you can say "I'm hot" in English even without sexual connotations. It depends on context and is stronger if you say this about another person like, "She's really hot!" (raising your eyebrows and looking lecherously) ;)

-- Chris. 

In English, we say, “l feel hot, not I’m hot”. When we say, I’m hot, it means I’m sexy. Right?

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Hello Aurélie, I noticed the "L'eau est froide" in one of the quizzes.

Is there a tip for knowing when to use être (and the feminine form of the adjective)?
Asked 1 year ago
RonC1
Bonjour Judy, While you addressed your question to Aurélie, know that I am not attempting to answer for her as that would be uncool. In your example, it says the water (a feminine noun, hence the use of the feminine form of the adjective) is cold. In this case the use of être instead of avoir is correct. Here is the part of the lesson that addresses the use of avoir: The verb avoir (to have) is used to express being cold and hot (and not être / to be as in English), effectively "I have hot"! Note that even if the person is female, the masculine adjective chaud is used, not chaude : you cannot say J'ai chaude. It can be seen from the lesson that when one speaks of their perception of hot and cold then the use of avoir is needed, i.e. J'ai chaud, J'ai froid. So, the takeaway is this, when speaking of a person, the verb avoir is used; however, when speaking about water, coffee, and other items that are hot or cold, excluding the weather, être is used. Weather expressions have their own verb, faire, i.e. il fait chaud, il fait froid, etc. J'espère que cela vous aiderait et merci de me permettre à répondre à votre question. Bonne chance,
Thanks Ron. That was a good explanation and I hope I'll get it right every time now!

Hello Aurélie, I noticed the "L'eau est froide" in one of the quizzes.

Is there a tip for knowing when to use être (and the feminine form of the adjective)?

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When it wrong the " I am cold" why is learning such sentence then ?!

J'ai froid J'ai chaud is only for excersise ?
Asked 2 years ago
GruffKwiziq language super star
Hi Athina - I'm not sure if I've understood what you are saying. "J'ai froid/chaud" isn't wrong it's the correct way to express "I'm cold/hot". Can you elaborate what you are struggling with?

When it wrong the " I am cold" why is learning such sentence then ?!

J'ai froid J'ai chaud is only for excersise ?

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the note says no feminine for chaud, what about froid....can I say Elle a froide

Asked 2 years ago
LauraKwiziq language super star
No, for the same reason as I explained here: https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/questions/view/is-tort-raison-for-feminine-and-masculine This applies to all expressions with avoir + noun that are equivalent to "to be + adjective" : avoir chaud, froid, soif, faim, etc.

the note says no feminine for chaud, what about froid....can I say Elle a froide

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Je suis chaud

Je suis froid
Asked 3 years ago
JimC1
As I understand it, if you use être you are describing a "state of being". So to say "Je suis chaud" could convey a sexual connotation. Similarly with "Je suis froid". That is why in the company of native french speakers you may sense that they seem a bit embarrassed.

Je suis chaud

Je suis froid

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Je ne suis pas froid

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star

Bonjour Advika !

Unfortunately, this sentence is not correct in French, because as the lesson states, you will not use "être" (to be) in French, but "avoir" (to have) in this case, as such:
"Je n'ai pas froid"

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Je ne suis pas froid

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Je ne suis pas chaud

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Advika ! Unfortunately, this sentence is not correct in French, because as the lesson states, you will not use "être" (to be) in French, but "avoir" (to have) in this case, as such: "Je n'ai pas chaud" I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

Je ne suis pas chaud

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