avoir besoin de agreement

GregoryB2Kwiziq community member

avoir besoin de agreement

in the expression j'ai peur de....the de changes with the object  j'ai peur des chats....what about avoir besoin de  or avoir envie de...those don't change?  Why?  Merci,  Bruce

This question relates to:French lesson "to need"
Asked 1 year ago
MaartenC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

 

« de » only changes if a definite article is required to follow «de» directly - if le/la/l'/les are indicated, du/de la/de l'/des are used. 

This is uncommon with avoir envie de/besoin de, as these are usually referring to an unspecified 'quantity/amount' of something - which would not take a definite article (Aurelie notes that there can be exceptions). 

With « avoir peur de », the fear is usually 'general', or can be specific - in both cases definite article is required (general) or may be used (specific). 

It is fairly meaningless to say in English "I have fear of (some) cats" and the same is true in French:

 " I have fear of (all) cats" « J'ai peur (de les) des chats », or

 "I have fear of our cats/the black cat". ( J'ai peur de nos chats/ J'ai peur du chat noir)

CélineKwiziq team member

Bonjour Gregory,

Brilliant answer from Maarten!

Follow the link to a previous answer from our language expert, Aurélie:

avoir envie de (the same rule applies to avoir besoin  de)

I hope this is helpful.

Bonne journée!

avoir besoin de agreement

in the expression j'ai peur de....the de changes with the object  j'ai peur des chats....what about avoir besoin de  or avoir envie de...those don't change?  Why?  Merci,  Bruce

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