Supérieur à, inférieur à, intérieur à, extérieur à (irregular comparatives)

Look at this comparison:

L'huile d'olive est supérieure à l'huile de maïs.
Olive oil is superior to corn oil.

Ce produit est inférieur au nôtre.
This product is inferior to ours.

Mes notes sont inférieures aux notes de Martin.
My grades are inferior to Martin's grades.

La glace à la vanille est supérieure à la glace au chocolat.
Vanilla ice cream is superior to chocolate ice cream.

Note that some adjectives are naturally comparative and have no comparative or superlative form, and they use à rather than que:

supérieur/e à (superior to)

inférieur/e à (inferior to)

These less used adjectives also lack superlatives and comparative forms:

intérieur à (interior to)

extérieur à (exterior to)


Note that the preposition à will become au or aux when followed by articles le or les.
See À + le = au, à + les = aux, de + le = du, de + les = des (contractions of articles) 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Mes notes sont inférieures aux notes de Martin.
My grades are inferior to Martin's grades.


L'huile d'olive est supérieure à l'huile de maïs.
Olive oil is superior to corn oil.


Ce produit est inférieur au nôtre.
This product is inferior to ours.


La glace à la vanille est supérieure à la glace au chocolat.
Vanilla ice cream is superior to chocolate ice cream.


Q&A

Stuart

Kwiziq community member

12 March 2018

2 replies

What is a ‘naturally comparative’ adjective?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

13 March 2018

13/03/18

The usual way you form a comparative is with "plus" or "moins".


Il est plus âgé qu'elle. -- He is older than her.
Marie parle le français moins couramment que moi. -- Marie speaks French less fluently than me.


Here is a link to the corresponding lesson: https://kwiziq.learnfrenchwithalexa.com/revision/grammar/making-comparisons-using-adjectives-plus-que-aussi-que-moins-que


-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

29 June 2018

29/06/18

Hi Stuart, 


I think what is meant is that 'supérieur' and 'inférieur' are comparative in themselves, so you would not say 'plus supérieur/inférieur à' , as with normal comparisons highlighted by Chris .


The important bit is that you use 'à' afterwards and not 'que'.


Hope this helps!

Meghna

Kwiziq community member

8 May 2017

1 reply

Modele - Masc or Fem?

Hi One of the questions was le novueau modele est... Isn't modele feminine?

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

8 May 2017

8/05/17

Bonjour Meghna,

No, modèle is masculine.

reem

Kwiziq community member

2 March 2017

1 reply

In example 2 why you say Ce produit est inférieur au nôtre. And did not say inférieur à notre,,

Sar

Kwiziq community member

8 March 2017

8/03/17

"Notre" without the accent circonflexe means "our".
"Le nôtre" with the obligatory "le/la/les" and the accent circonflexe means "ours". "Le" is used because "produit" is masculine.
The sentence is saying "This product is inferior to ours". We say "Ce produit est inférieur au nôtre" because "à + le" must combine to make "au".

D

Kwiziq community member

31 January 2017

2 replies

Could you give some examples of how to use "intérieur(e) à" and "extérieur(e) à"?

Ron

Kwiziq community member

10 April 2017

10/04/17

Dans les années 1900, les toilettes étaient en extérieur à la maison, mais aujourd'hui, elles sont en l'intérieur à la maison

More correctly however: Dans les années 1900, les toilettes étaient à l’extérieur de la maison, mais aujourd'hui, ils sont à l’intérieur.

le tapis est intérieur à la maison pendant la pelouse est extérieur (à la maison)

Almut

Kwiziq community member

7 May 2017

7/05/17

In the first sentence you use "en extérieur à" without article but "en l'intérieur à" WITH article. Are both correct?
Getting that for you now.